A tax paid to the crown by English landholders under Anglo-Saxon and Norman kings.
Origin of geld
Middle English geld
Medieval Latin geldum both from
Old English geld, gield payment
- Money; notably:
- A tribute
- A compensation, notably a financial one
- A ransom.
- A medieval form of Land Tax
From Middle English geld and Medieval Latin geldum, both from Old English geld, ġield (“payment, tribute”), from Proto-Germanic *geldą (“reward, gift, money”), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeldʰ- (“to pay”). Cognate with North Frisian jild (“money”), Saterland Frisian Jäild (“money”), Dutch geld (“money”), German Geld (“money”), Old Norse gjald (“payment”), Gothic (gild). Also related to English yield. Geld is also written gelt or gild, and as such found in wergild, Danegeld, etc. Probably reinforced by gelt (which see).
(third-person singular simple present gelds, present participle gelding, simple past and past participle gelded or gelt)
- To castrate a male (usually an animal).
From Old Norse gelda (“geld, castrate”), from geldr (“yielding no milk, dry”), cognate with Old High German galt . Cognate with Gothic (gilþa, “sickle”) . Compare the archaic German Gelze, “castrated swine” and gelzen (“castrate”), Danish galt (“boar”) (from Old Norse gǫltr (“boar, hog”), cognate with English gilt) and gilde (“to geld”). "gelding" derives from Old Norse geldingr.