Origin of complainantMiddle English compleinaunt from present participle of Old French complaindre: see complain
The definition of a complainant is a person who has an issue and is making a charge in a court of law.
An example of a complainant is the plaintiff.
- A plaintiff.
- A prosecuting witness in a criminal case.
- A person who files a formal accusation or brings a formal charge.
complainant - Legal Definition
- One who enters a complaint against another in a civil action.
- One who signs and swears to a criminal complaint.
- There were no court costs incurred by the successful complainant.
- With certain exceptions reserved for the provincial court (such as insolvency, ownership of immovable property and divorce), the native high court exercises jurisdiction when all parties to the suit are natives; it also has jurisdiction when the complainant is not a native, but all other parties to the suit are natives.
- Criminal jurisdiction in cases in which either the complainant or the defendant is a European, or American, or a government servant, or a British subject not a native of a Shan State, is withdrawn from the chiefs and vested in the superintendents and assistant superintendents.