- a box with a lid and, often, a lock, for storing or shipping things
- Rare a place where money or funds are kept; treasury
- a public fund: the community chest
- chest of drawers
- a cabinet, as for holding medical supplies or toiletries
- the part of the body enclosed by the ribs, breastbone, and diaphragm; thorax
- the outside front part of this
Origin of chestMiddle English chest, chiste ; from Old English Old Norse or L: Old English cist and amp; Old Norse kista ; from Classical Latin cista ; from Classical Greek kistē, a box, basket ; from Indo-European an unverified form kista, woven container from source Old Irish cess, basket
get something off one's chest
- a. The part of the body between the neck and the abdomen, enclosed by the ribs and the breastbone; the thorax.b. The front or ventral portion of this part: has a tattoo on his chest.
- a. A sturdy box with a lid and often a lock, used especially for storage.b. A small closet or cabinet with shelves for storing supplies: a medicine chest above the bathroom sink.
- a. The treasury of a public institution.b. The funds kept there.
- a. A box for the shipping of certain goods, such as tea.b. The quantity packed in such a box.
- A sealed receptacle for liquid, gas, or steam.
- A bureau; a dresser.
Origin of chestMiddle English, from Old English cest, box, from West Germanic *kista, from Latin cista, from Greek kistē.
- A box, now usually a large strong box with a secure convex lid.
- The clothes are kept in a chest.
- The place in which public money is kept; a treasury.
- You can take the money from the chest.
- A chest of drawers.
- (anatomy) The portion of the front of the human body from the base of the neck to the top of the abdomen; the thorax. Also the analogous area in other animals.
- She had a sudden pain in her chest.
- A hit or blow made with one's chest (the front of one's body).
- He scored with a chest into the goal.
(third-person singular simple present chests, present participle chesting, simple past and past participle chested)
- To hit with one's chest (front of one's body)
- To deposit in a chest.
From Middle English cheste, chiste, from Old English ċest, ċist (“chest, casket; coffin; rush basket; box”), from Proto-Germanic *kistō (“chest, box”), from Latin cista (“chest, box”), from Ancient Greek κίστη (kistē, “chest, box, basket, hamper”), from Proto-Indo-European *kisteh₂ (“woven container”). Germanic cognates include Scots kist (“chest, box, trunk, coffer”), West Frisian kiste (“box, chest”), Dutch kist (“box, case, chest, coffin”), German Kiste (“box, crate, case, chest”).
From Middle English cheste, cheeste, cheaste, from Old English ċēast, ċēas (“strife, quarrel, quarrelling, contention, murmuring, sedition, scandal; reproof”). Related to Old Frisian kāse (“strife, contention”), Old Saxon caest (“quarrel, dispute”), Old High German kōsa (“speech, story, account”).