- After means a person or thing being behind in position.
An example of the word after is when someone is following a person in line.
- The definition of after is a time that is later than some other time.
An example of the word after is when something happens subsequent to something else.
- After is defined as something that leads to a result.
An example of the word after is when a child may not have a dessert as a consequence of not finishing dinner.
- behind in place
- behind in time; later; next
Origin of afterMiddle English from Old English æfter (akin to Old High German aftar and Middle High German after) from of, off + -ter, old comparative suffix
- behind in place; in back of
- behind in time; later than: after lunch
- following: year after year
- in search of
- pursuing, hounding, urging, etc.: they are after me for a donation
- as a result of; on account of: after what has happened, he won't go
- in spite of: after all we had done, he was still ungrateful
- following next to in order, rank, or importance
- in accordance with; in the manner of; patterned on the model of: a novel after Hemingway's style
- for; in honor of: a child named after Lincoln
- concerning; about: she asked after you
- next; later
- nearer the rear (esp. of a ship or aircraft)
- a. Behind in place or order: Z comes after Y in the alphabet.b. Next to or lower than in order or importance.
- In quest or pursuit of: seek after fame; go after big money.
- Concerning: asked after you.
- Subsequent in time to; at a later time than: come after dinner.
- Subsequent to and because of or regardless of: They are still friends after all their differences.
- Following continually: year after year.
- In the style of or in imitation of: satires after Horace.
- With the same or close to the same name as; in honor or commemoration of: named after her mother.
- According to the nature or desires of; in conformity to: a tenor after my own heart.
- Past the hour of: five minutes after three.
- Irish Used with a present participle to indicate action that has just been completed: “Sure I'm after seeing him not five minutes ago” ( James Joyce )
- Behind; in the rear.
- At a later or subsequent time; afterward: three hours after; departed shortly after.
- Subsequent in time or place; later; following: in after years.
- Located near the stern of a vessel or the rear or an aircraft or spacecraft.
- afters Chiefly British Dessert.
Origin of afterMiddle English from Old English æfter ; see apo- in Indo-European roots.
- Subsequently to; following in time; later than.
- We had a few beers after the game.
- The time is quarter after eight.
- The Cold War began shortly after the Second World War.
- He will leave a trail of destruction after him.
- In pursuit of, seeking.
- He's after a job; run after him; inquire after her health.
- In allusion to, in imitation of; following or referencing.
- We named him after his grandfather; a painting after Leonardo da Vinci.
- Next in importance or rank.
- The princess is next in line to the throne after the prince.
- As a result of.
- After your bad behaviour, you will be punished.
- In spite of.
- After all that has happened, he is still my friend.
- I can't believe that, after all our advice against gambling, you walked into that casino!
- (Ireland, usually preceded by a form of be, followed by an -ing form of a verb) Used to indicate recent completion of an activity
- I was after finishing my dinner when there was a knock on the door.
- (dated) According to an author or text.
- Denoting the aim or object; concerning; in relation to.
- to look after workmen; to enquire after a friend; to thirst after righteousness
- The Irish English usage example is equivalent to "I had just finished my dinner when […] .".
- Signifies that the action of the clause it starts takes place before the action of the other clause.
- I went home after we had decided to call it a day.
From Middle English after, from Old English æfter (“after, along, behind, through, throughout, during, following, in consequence of, according to, for the purpose of, by means of, about, in pursuit of, for”), from Proto-Germanic *after, *aftiri (“more aft, further behind”), from Proto-Indo-European *apotero (“further behind, further away”), comparative form of *apo- (“off, behind”); see also Proto-Indo-European *h₂epo (“off, away”) and English aft. Cognate with Scots efter (“after”), North Frisian efter (“after, behind”), Dutch/Low German achter (“behind”), German After (“anus”), Danish & Swedish efter (“after”), Norwegian etter (“after”), Icelandic eftir (“after”), Icelandic aftur (“back, again”). The Proto-Indo-European is the source of apo- (“away, without”), from Ancient Greek ἀπό (apo); comparative is also the source of Ancient Greek ἀπωτέρω (apōterō, “further”).
The Irish usage to indicate recent completion of an activity is a calque of the Irish collocation Tá mé tar éis/i ndiaidh... ("I have just...").