- An example of "of" is the book that belongs to the girl.
- An example of "of" is a school that is within a mile from a tree.
- from; specif.,
- derived or coming from: men of Ohio
- resulting from; caused by; through: to die of fever
- proceeding as a product from; by: the poems of Poe
- resulting from an operation or process involving: the product of 3 and 4
- at a distance from or apart from (a specified reference point): east of the city
- deprived, relieved, or separated from: cured of cancer, robbed of his money
- from the whole, or total number, constituting: part of the time, one of her hats
- distinguished as by excellence from among: the greatest of our Presidents
- distinguished as the best, most important, etc. from among: the holy of holies
- made from; using as its material (a specified substance): a sheet of paper, made of tin
- is what was done, expressed, etc. by: how wise of her!
- belonging to: the pages of a book, the square root of 3, that dog of his
- having; possessing: a man of property
- containing: a bag of nuts
- that is; having the designation of; specified as: the state of Utah, a height of six feet
- as a way to characterize: a prince of a fellow
- with (something specified) as object, goal, etc.: a reader of books
- having as a distinguishing quality or attribute; characterized by: a man of honor, a year of plenty
- as characterized with respect to: quick of mind, hard of heart
- concerning; about; with reference to: think well of me
- set aside for; dedicated to: a day of rest
- during: of late years
- Informal on or at (a specified day, time, etc.): he came of a Friday
- before: used in telling time: ten minutes of nine
- Archaic by: rejected of men
Origin of ofMiddle English from OE, unstressed variant, variety of af, æf, away (from); akin to German ab from Indo-European base an unverified form apo-, from, away from from source Classical Latin ab (see ab-), Classical Greek apo-
- Derived or coming from; originating at or from: customs of the South.
- Caused by; resulting from: a death of tuberculosis.
- Away from; at a distance from: a mile east of here.
- So as to be separated or relieved from: robbed of one's dignity; cured of distemper.
- From the total or group comprising: give of one's time; two of my friends; most of the cases.
- Composed or made from: a dress of silk.
- Associated with or adhering to: people of your religion.
- Belonging or connected to: the rungs of a ladder.
- a. Possessing; having: a person of honor.b. On one's part: very nice of you.
- Containing or carrying: a basket of groceries.
- Specified as; named or called: a depth of ten feet; the Garden of Eden.
- Centering on; directed toward: a love of horses.
- Produced by; issuing from: products of the vine.
- Characterized or identified by: a year of famine.
- a. With reference to; about: think highly of her proposals; will speak of it later.b. In respect to: slow of speech.
- Set aside for; taken up by: a day of rest.
- Before; until: five minutes of two.
- During or on a specified time: of recent years.
- By: beloved of the family.
- Used to indicate an appositive: that idiot of a driver.
- Archaic On: “A plague of all cowards, I say” ( Shakespeare )
Origin of ofMiddle English from Old English; see apo- in Indo-European roots.
Usage Note: The “double genitive” construction, in which a possessive form appears as the object of the preposition of, as in a friend of my father's or a book of mine, is looked down on by some grammarians and usage critics. But this construction has been used in English since the 1300s and serves a useful purpose. It can help sort out ambiguous phrases like Bob's photograph, which could mean either “a photograph of Bob” (i.e., revealing Bob's image) or “a photograph that is in Bob's possession.” A photograph of Bob's, on the other hand, can only be a photo that Bob has in his possession and may or may not show Bob's image. There are also cases in which the double genitive may be more elegant; for example, many speakers find such sentences as That's your only friend that I've ever met or That's your only friend I've ever met to be awkward or impossible, but rephrasing using the double genitive provides an acceptable alternative, as in That's the only friend of yours that I've ever met. &dingbat; Adverbs of degree, such as too, that, and so, tend to cause a shift in the word order of a sentence under certain circumstances. For instance, it's common to speak of “a long movie” or “a big deal,” but not of “a too long movie” or “a that big deal.” The customary way of rewording in these cases is to place the adverb and adjective before the indefinite article rather than after it: too long a movie; that big a deal. Often, especially in speech, an of is inserted as well: too long of a movie; that big of a deal. But this construction using of is considered ungrammatical; in our 2012 survey, 74 percent of the Usage Panel found the sentence That's too long of a movie for me to sit through unacceptable. A somewhat smaller number, but still a majority—58 percent—disapproved of He wanted to apologize, but I told him it wasn't that big of a deal.Our Living Language Some speakers of vernacular English varieties, particularly in isolated or mountainous regions of the Southern United States, use phrases such as of a night or of an evening in place of at night or in the evening, as in We'd go hunting of an evening. This of construction is used only when referring to a repeated action, where Standard English uses nights, evenings, and the like, as in We'd go hunting nights. It is not used for single actions, as in She returned at night. • These of and -s constructions are related. The -s construction, which dates back to the Old English period (c. 449-1100), does not signify a plurality but is similar to the so-called genitive suffix -s, which often indicates possession, as in the king's throne. Just as this example can also be phrased as the throne of the king, nights can be reformulated as of a night. This reformulation has been possible since the Middle English period (c. 1100-1500). Sometimes the original -s ending remains in the of construction, as in We'd walk to the store of evenings, but usually it is omitted. Using of with adverbial time phrases has not always been confined to vernacular speech, as is evidenced by its occurrence in sources ranging from the Wycliffite Bible (1382) to Theodore Dreiser's 1911 novel Jennie Gerhardt: “There was a place out in one corner of the veranda where he liked to sit of a spring or summer evening.” • Using such of constructions reflects a long-standing tendency for English speakers to eliminate the case endings that were once attached to nouns to indicate their role as subject, object, or possessor. Nowadays, word order and the use of prepositional phrases usually determine a noun's role. Despite the trend to replace genitive -s with of phrases, marking adverbial phrases of time with of is fading out of American vernacular usage, probably because one can form these phrases without -s, as in at night.
- Old French
- a. outfieldb. outfielder
- 1621, Robert Burton, The Anatomy of Melancholy, II.5.3.ii:
- Against headache, vertigo, vapours which ascend forth of the stomach to molest the head, read Hercules de Saxonia and others.
- 1616, William Shakespeare, Two Gentlemen of Verona, IV.4:
- one that I brought vp of a puppy [...] I was sent to deliuer him, as a present to Mistris Siluia, from my Master.
- 2010, Simon Tisdall, The Guardian, 29 Jul 2010:
- Obama has been obliged to make nice of late in hope of rescuing the moribund two-state process and preventing resumed West Bank settlement building.
- From, away from (a position, number, distance etc.). [from 10th c.]
- (North America, Scotland, Ireland) Before (the hour); to. [from 19th c.]
- Indicating an ancestral source or origin of descent. [from 9th c.]
- Indicating a (non-physical) source of action or emotion; introducing a cause, instigation; from, out of, as an expression of. [from 9th c.]
- Following an intransitive verb: indicating the source or cause of the verb. [from 10th c.]
- Following an adjective. [from 13th c.]
- Following a passive verb to indicate the agent (for most verbs, now usually expressed with by). [from 9th c.]
- Used to introduce the "subjective genitive"; following a noun to form the head of a postmodifying noun phrase. [from 13th c.]
- Following an adjective, used to indicate the agent of something described by the adjective. [from 16th c.]
- After a verb expressing construction, making etc., used to indicate the material or substance used. [from 9th c.]
- Directly following a noun, used to indicate the material from which it is made. [from 10th c.]
- Indicating the composition of a given collective or quantitative noun. [from 12th c.]
- Used to link a given class of things with a specific example of that class. [from 12th c.]
- Linking two nouns in near-apposition, with the first qualifying the second; "which is also". [from 14th c.]
- Linking an intransitive verb, or a transitive verb and its subject (especially verbs to do with thinking, feeling, expressing etc.), with its subject-matter: concerning, with regard to. [from 10th c.]
- Following a noun (now chiefly nouns of knowledge, communication etc.), to introduce its subject matter; about, concerning. [from 12th c.]
- Following an adjective, to introduce its subject matter. [from 15th c.]
- Following a number or other quantitive word: introducing the whole for which is indicated only the specified part or segment; "from among". [from 9th c.]
- Following a noun indicating a given part. [from 9th c.]
- (now archaic, literary) With preceding partitive word assumed, or as a predicate after to be: some, an amount of, one of. [from 9th c.]
- Linking to a genitive noun or possessive pronoun, with partitive effect (though now often merged with possessive senses, below). [from 13th c.]
- Belonging to, existing in, or taking place in a given location, place or time. Compare "origin" senses, above. [from 9th c.]
- Belonging to (a place) through having title, ownership or control over it. [from 9th c.]
- Belonging to (someone or something) as something they possess or have as a characteristic; the "possessive genitive". (With abstract nouns, this intersects with the subjective genitive, above under "agency" senses.) [from 13th c.]
- Following an agent noun, verbal noun or noun of action. [from 12th c.]
- (chiefly regional) During the course of (a set period of time, day of the week etc.), now specifically with implied repetition or regularity. [from 9th c.]
- (UK dialectal) For (a given length of time), chiefly in negative constructions. [from 13th c.]
- I've not tekken her out of a goodly long while.
- Used after a noun to indicate duration of a state, activity etc. [from 18th c.]
- (belonging to or associated with): When applied to a person or persons, the possessive is generally used instead.
- (containing, comprising, or made from): Of may be used directly with a verb or adjectival phrase.
- When modifying a noun, modern English uses more and more noun adjuncts rather than of. Examples include part of speech (16th century) vs. word class (20th century), Federal Bureau of Investigation (1908) vs. Central Intelligence Agency (1947), and affairs of the world (18th century) vs. world affairs (20th century).
- (usually in modal perfect constructions) Representing have or 've, chiefly in depictions of colloquial speech.
- F/O, fo, fo'
From Middle English of, from Old English of (“of, from"), an unstressed form of af, Ã¦f (“from, off, away"), from Proto-Germanic *ab (“from"), from Proto-Indo-European *hâ‚‚epo (“from, off, back"). Cognate with Scots of, af (“off, away"), West Frisian af, Ã´f (“off, away"), Dutch af (“off, from"), Low German af (“off, from"), German ab (“off, from"), Danish af (“of"), Swedish av (“of"), Icelandic af (“of"), Gothic ðŒ°ð† (af, “of, from"); and with Latin ab (“of, from, by"). Compare off.
- (initialism) Old French.
- (initialism) Alternative form of OF.
first syllable of office