Voyaging from Toulouse to Narbonne, he was captured by Barbary pirates, who took him to Tunis and sold him as a slave.
Teignmouth was burned by French pirates in 1340, and was again devastated by the French on the 26th of June 1690.
Fighting or bribing the Barbary pirates was a mere question of expense.
During the Gothic wars, however, trade was confined to Portus, and the ravages of pirates led to its gradual abandonment.
The cities, exposed to pillage by Huns in the north and Saracens in the south, and ravaged on the coast by Norse pirates, asserted their right to enclose themselves with walls, and taught their burghers the use of arms. Within the circuit of their ramparts, the bishops already began to exercise authority in rivalry with the counts, to whom, since the days of Theodoric, had been entrusted the government of the Italian burghs.