Gradient meaning

grādē-ənt
Frequency:
(physics) The rate at which a physical quantity, such as temperature or pressure, changes in response to changes in a given variable, especially distance.
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(biol.) A gradation in rate of growth, metabolism, etc. in an organism, growing part, or developing embryo.
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An ascending or descending part; an incline.
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A rate of inclination; a slope.
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(biology) A series of progressively increasing or decreasing differences in the growth rate, metabolism, or physiological activity of a cell, organ, or organism.
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The definition of a gradient is a rate of an incline.

An example of a gradient is the rate at which a mountain gets steeper.

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(mathematics) A vector having coordinate components that are the partial derivatives of a function with respect to its variables.
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(biology) A series of progressively increasing or decreasing differences in the growth rate, metabolism, or physiological activity of a cell, organ, or organism.
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Ascending or descending with a uniform slope.
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(math.) A vector pointing in the direction of the most rapid increase of a function and having coordinates that are the partial derivatives of the function.
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(physics) The rate of change of a physical quantity, as temperature or pressure, with distance.
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A rate of inclination; a slope.
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(physics) The rate at which a physical quantity, such as temperature or pressure, changes in response to changes in a given variable, especially distance.
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The degree to which something inclines; a slope. A mountain road with a gradient of ten percent rises one foot for every ten feet of horizontal length.
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The rate at which a physical quantity, such as temperature or pressure changes over a distance.
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A operator on scalar fields yielding a vector function, where the value of the vector evaluated at any point indicates the direction and degree of change of the field at that point.
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A smooth blending of shades from light to dark or from one color to another. In 2D drawing programs and paint programs, gradients are used to create colorful backgrounds and special effects as well as to simulate lights and shadows. In 3D graphics programs, lighting can be rendered automatically by the software. See 3D graphics.
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A rate of inclination or declination of a slope.
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(calculus) Of a function y = f(x) or the graph of such a function, the rate of change of y with respect to x, that is, the amount by which y changes for a certain (often unit) change in x.
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(physics) The rate at which a physical quantity increases or decreases relative to change in a given variable, especially distance.
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(analysis) A differential operator that maps each point of a scalar field to a vector pointed in the direction of the greatest rate of change of the scalar. Notation for a scalar field φ: ∇φ
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Moving by steps; walking.

Gradient automata.

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Rising or descending by regular degrees of inclination.

The gradient line of a railroad.

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Adapted for walking, as the feet of certain birds.
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An ascending or descending part; an incline.
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Origin of gradient

  • Perhaps grade -ient (as in quotient)

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Latin gradiens, present participle of gradior (“to step, to walk”)

    From Wiktionary