(person) (born Galileo Galilei) 1564-1642; It. astronomer, mathematician, & physicist: with the telescope, which he improved, he demonstrated the truth of the Copernican theory: condemned for heresy by the Inquisition.
A satellite-based radio navigation system initiated by the European Union and European Space Administration (ESA). Using 27 satellites and three spares, Galileo was designed to interoperate with the U.S. GPS and Russian GLONASS systems. Completion is expected in 2019 with positioning accuracy of one meter (GPS is 20m; GLONASS is 60m). The first Galileo satellite (GIOVE-A) was launched in late 2005. For more information, visit http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/satnav/galileo/index_en.htm. See GNSS and GPS.
Incited by the discoveries of Galileo, Pascal and Torricelli, he attempted the, creation of a vacuum.
In 1850 he published a tragedy, Galileo Galilei, and two volumes of his Lectures on the Atomic Theory and Essays Scientific and Literary appeared in 1858, with a preface by his kinsman Dr John Brown, the author of Horae Subsecivae.
These dreary times, however, are brightened by one glorious name - that of Galileo Galilei.
I was told that it had been printed, but that every copy had been at the same time burnt at Rome, and that Galileo had been himself condemned to some penalty" 14 He has also seen a copy of Galileo's condemnation .
On this account he was accused of impiety by the Stoic Cleanthes, just as Galileo, in later years, was attacked by the theologians.