On turnpikes, bridges, canals and railways $53,35 2, 649 was spent between 1826 and 1843, the public debt in the latter year reaching the high-water mark of $42,188,434.
Turnpikes were abolished in Prussia in 1874 and in Saxony in 1885.
Industrially the early part of the 19th century was marked in New Jersey by the construction of bridges and turnpikes, the utilization of water power for manufactures, and the introduction of steam motive power upon the navigable waters.
Authorized the taking of such tolls at " turnpikes " in Hertfordshire and Cambridgeshire.
In its fulness the system lasted just sixty years, for the first breach in it was made by an act of George IV., in 18 2 7, by which the chief turnpikes in London were abolished.
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