- ten hundred; 1,000; M
- an indefinite but very large number: a hyperbolic use
Origin of thousandMiddle English thusend ; from Old English akin to German tausend ; from Proto-Germanic an unverified form thus-hundi, “many hundred” ; from Indo-European base an unverified form tēu-, to swell, increase + Proto-Germanic an unverified form hund-, hundred
Origin of thousandMiddle English, from Old English thūsend; see teu&schwa;- in Indo-European roots.
Unlike cardinal numerals up to ninety-nine, the word thousand is a noun like dozen and needs a determiner to function as a numeral.
- a thousand men / one thousand men / the thousand men
- compare a dozen men / one dozen men / the dozen men
- compare ten men / the ten men
Thousand can be used also in plurals. It doesn't take -s when preceded by a determiner.
- two thousand men / some thousand men
- thousands of men / dozens of thousands of men
- hands out
From Middle English thousend, thusand, from Old English þūsend (“thousand”), from Proto-Germanic *þūsundī (“thousand”). Cognate with Scots thousand (“thousand”), Saterland Frisian duusend (“thousand”), West Frisian tûzen (“thousand”), Dutch duizend (“thousand”), German tausend (“thousand”), Danish tusind (“thousand”), Swedish tusen (“thousand”), Icelandic þúsund (“thousand”).