An example of thou is the wording of the biblical Ten Commandments, “Thou shalt not…”.
Origin of thouMiddle English from Old English thu, akin to German du from Indo-European an unverified form tu from source Classical Latin and Sanskrit tu
nounpl. or thous
Origin of thouMiddle English from Old English thū second person nominative sing. personal pron. ; see tu- in Indo-European roots.
(plural ye or you, objective case thee, reflexive thyself, possessive determiner thy or thine, possessive pronoun thine)
- (archaic, literary, or dialectal) you singular informal, nominative case
(third-person singular simple present thous, present participle thouing, simple past and past participle thoued)
- To address (a person) using the pronoun thou, especially as an expression of familiarity or contempt.
- I thou thee, thou traitor! (Edward Coke to Walter Raleigh)
- Avaunt, caitiff, dost thou thou me! I am come of good kin, I tell thee! (The morality play Hickscorner, ca. 1530)
- If thou thou'st him some thrice, it shall not be amiss[...] (Twelfth Night 3.2, Sir Toby Belch to Sir Andrew, egging him on to pick a fight with another, where one would expect one knight courteously to say to another, "If you thou him...").
- Don't thou them as thous thee! (Yorkshire English admonition to overly familiar children)
- (intransitive) To use the word thou.
From Middle English thou, thow, thu, Ã¾ou, from Old English Ã¾Å«, from Proto-Germanic *Ã¾Å«, from Proto-Indo-European *tÃºhâ‚‚. Akin to Old Frisian thÅ« (West Frisian do), Old Saxon thÅ« (Low German du), Old Dutch thÅ« (Middle Dutch du, Limburgish doe), Old High German dÅ« (German du), Old Norse Ã¾Ãº, (Icelandic Ã¾Ãº, Danish du, Norwegian du, Swedish du), Latin tu, Ancient Greek ÏƒÏ (sÃ½) (Modern Greek ÎµÏƒÏ (esÃ½)).
Shortened from thousandth.
Shortened from thousand.