- The definition of a sponge is a sea animal that has a skeleton and a porous surface, or an absorbent piece used for washing, or a pad of gauze used in medicine.
- An example of a sponge is a bright red tree sponge.
- An example of a sponge is what people use to clean the counters.
- An example of a sponge is what a doctor uses in surgery to clean a wound.
- Sponge is defined as to clean or absorb liquid with a soft, porous tool, or to get something without paying.
- An example of sponge is to clean up spilled milk.
- An example of sponge is to live with a friend without paying for rent or food.
- any of a phylum (Porifera) of simple, aquatic, sessile animals having a porous structure and a tough, often siliceous or calcareous, skeleton
- the elastic skeleton, or a piece of the skeleton, of certain sponges, light in weight and highly absorbent, used for washing surfaces, in bathing, etc.
- any substance like this; specif.,
- a piece of spongy plastic, cellulose, rubber, etc., used like natural sponge
- a pad of gauze or cotton, as used in surgery
- a light dessert made of whipped gelatin and beaten egg whites or whipped cream
- raised dough, as for bread
- any of several metals, as platinum, found in a porous mass
- a person having a spongelike capacity, as for drink, knowledge, etc.
- Informal sponger (sense )
Origin: Middle English from Old English from Classical Latin spongia from Glassical Greek spongia, spongos
- to use a sponge on so as to dampen, wipe clean, etc.
- to remove or obliterate with or as with a damp sponge: usually with out, off, away, etc.
- to absorb with, as with, or like a sponge: often with up
- Informal to get without cost, as by begging, imposition, etc.
Origin: ME spongen < spongethe
- to gather sponges from the sea
- to take up liquid like a sponge
- Informal to be a sponger (sense ): often with off or on
Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
- a. Any of numerous aquatic, chiefly marine invertebrate animals of the phylum Porifera, characteristically having a porous skeleton composed of fibrous material or siliceous or calcareous spicules and often forming irregularly shaped colonies attached to an underwater surface.b. The light, fibrous, flexible, absorbent skeleton of certain of these organisms, used for bathing, cleaning, and other purposes.
- a. Porous plastics, rubber, cellulose, or other material, similar in absorbency to this skeleton and used for the same purposes.b. Metal in a porous, brittle form, as after the removal of other metals in processing, used as a raw material in manufacturing.
- A gauze pad used to absorb blood and other fluids, as in surgery or the dressing of a wound.
- A small absorbent contraceptive pad that contains a spermicide and is placed against the cervix of the uterus before sexual intercourse.
- Dough that has been or is being leavened.
- A light cake, such as sponge cake.
- A sponge bath.
- One who habitually depends on others for one's own maintenance.
- a. Informal A glutton.b. Slang A drunkard.
- To moisten, wipe, or clean with or as if with a sponge: sponge off the table.
- To wipe out; erase.
- To absorb with or as if with a sponge: sponge up the mess.
- Informal To obtain free: sponge a meal.
- To fish for sponges.
- Informal To live by relying on the generosity of others: sponged off her parents.
Origin: Middle English, from Old English, from Latin spongia, from Greek spongiā, from spongos.
sponge - Medical Definition
- Any of numerous aquatic invertebrate animals of the phylum Porifera.
- The light, fibrous, absorbent skeleton of certain of these organisms.
- A piece of absorbent porous material, such as cellulose, plastic, or rubber, used especially for washing and cleaning.
- A gauze pad used to absorb blood and other fluids, as in surgery or in dressing a wound.
- A contraceptive sponge.
sponge - Phrases/Idioms
throw in the spongeor toss in the sponge
Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
sponge - Science Definition
- Any of numerous aquatic, chiefly marine invertebrate animals of the phylum Porifera. Sponges characteristically have a porous skeleton, usually containing an intricate system of canals, that is composed of fibrous material or siliceous or calcareous spicules. Water passing through the pores brings food to the organism. Sponges live in all depths of the sea, are sessile, and often form irregularly shaped colonies attached to an underwater surface. Sponges are considered the most primitive members of the animal kingdom, since they lack a nervous system and differentiated body tissues or organs. Adults do not have moving parts, but the larvae are free-swimming. Sponges have great regenerative capacities, with some species able to regenerate a complete adult organism from fragments as small as a single cell. Sponges first appear during the early Cambrian Period and may have evolved from protozoa. Also called poriferan. See Note at regeneration.
- The light, fibrous, flexible, absorbent skeleton of certain of these organisms, used for bathing, cleaning, and other purposes.
- A piece of porous plastic, rubber, cellulose, or other material, similar in absorbency to this skeleton and used for the same purposes.
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