- The definition of a sponge is a sea animal that has a skeleton and a porous surface, or an absorbent piece used for washing, or a pad of gauze used in medicine.
- An example of a sponge is a bright red tree sponge.
- An example of a sponge is what people use to clean the counters.
- An example of a sponge is what a doctor uses in surgery to clean a wound.
- Sponge is defined as to clean or absorb liquid with a soft, porous tool, or to get something without paying.
- An example of sponge is to clean up spilled milk.
- An example of sponge is to live with a friend without paying for rent or food.
- any of a phylum (Porifera) of simple, aquatic, sessile animals having a porous structure and a tough, often siliceous or calcareous, skeleton
- the elastic skeleton, or a piece of the skeleton, of certain sponges, light in weight and highly absorbent, used for washing surfaces, in bathing, etc.
- any substance like this; specif.,
- a piece of spongy plastic, cellulose, rubber, etc., used like natural sponge
- a pad of gauze or cotton, as used in surgery
- a light dessert made of whipped gelatin and beaten egg whites or whipped cream
- raised dough, as for bread
- any of several metals, as platinum, found in a porous mass
- a person having a spongelike capacity, as for drink, knowledge, etc.
- Informal sponger (sense )
Origin of spongeMiddle English ; from Old English ; from Classical Latin spongia ; from Classical Greek spongia, spongos
transitive verbsponged, sponging
- to use a sponge on so as to dampen, wipe clean, etc.
- to remove or obliterate with or as with a damp sponge: usually with out, off, away, etc.
- to absorb with, as with, or like a sponge: often with up
- Informal to get without cost, as by begging, imposition, etc.
Origin of spongeME spongen < spongethe
- to gather sponges from the sea
- to take up liquid like a sponge
- Informal to be a sponger (sense ): often with off or on
throw in the spongeor toss in the sponge
- a. Any of numerous aquatic, chiefly marine filter-feeding invertebrate animals of the phylum Porifera, characteristically having a porous skeleton composed of fibrous material or siliceous or calcareous spicules and often forming colonies attached to an underwater surface. Also called poriferan.b. A piece of the absorbent skeleton of certain of these organisms, or a piece of plastic or another material that is similar in absorbency, used for cleaning, bathing, and other purposes.
- Metal in a porous, brittle form, as after the removal of other metals in processing, used as a raw material in manufacturing.
- A gauze pad used to absorb blood and other fluids, as in surgery or the dressing of a wound.
- A small absorbent contraceptive pad that contains a spermicide and is placed against the cervix of the uterus before sexual intercourse.
- Dough that has been or is being leavened.
- A light cake, such as sponge cake.
- Informal One who habitually depends on others for one's own maintenance.
- Slang A person who drinks large amounts of alcohol.
verbsponged sponged, spong·ing, spong·es
- To moisten, wipe, or clean with a sponge or cloth: sponge off the table.
- To remove or absorb with a sponge or cloth: sponge off the sweat; sponge up the mess.
- To apply or daub with a sponge: sponge paint on the wall.
- Informal To obtain free, as by begging or freeloading: sponge a meal.
- To harvest sponges.
- Informal To obtain something such as food or money by relying on the generosity of others: sponged off her parents.
Origin of spongeMiddle English, from Old English, from Latin spongia, from Greek spongiā, from spongos.
top: giant barrel sponge
bottom: purple tube sponge
(countable and uncountable, plural sponges)
- (countable) Any of various marine invertebrates, mostly of the phylum Porifera, that have a porous skeleton often of silica.
- (countable) A piece of porous material used for washing (originally made from the invertebrates, now often made of plastic).
- (uncountable) A porous material such as sponges consist of.
- (informal) A heavy drinker.
- (countable, uncountable) A type of light cake; sponge cake.
- (countable, uncountable, UK) A type of steamed pudding.
- (slang) A person who takes advantage of the generosity of others (abstractly imagined to absorb or soak up the money or efforts of others like a sponge).
- (countable) A form of contraception that is inserted vaginally; a contraceptive sponge.
- Any spongelike substance.
- Dough before it is kneaded and formed into loaves, and after it is converted into a light, spongy mass by the agency of the yeast or leaven.
- Iron from the puddling furnace, in a pasty condition.
- Iron ore, in masses, reduced but not melted or worked.
- A mop for cleaning the bore of a cannon after a discharge. It consists of a cylinder of wood, covered with sheepskin with the wool on, or cloth with a heavy looped nap, and having a handle, or staff.
- The extremity, or point, of a horseshoe, answering to the heel.
(third-person singular simple present sponges, present participle sponging, simple past and past participle sponged)
- (intransitive, slang) To take advantage of the kindness of others.
- He has been sponging off his friends for a month now.
- To get by imposition; to scrounge.
- to sponge a breakfast
- To deprive (somebody) of something by imposition.
- To clean, soak up, or dab with a sponge.
- To suck in, or imbibe, like a sponge.
- To wipe out with a sponge, as letters or writing; to efface; to destroy all trace of.
- (intransitive) To be converted, as dough, into a light, spongy mass by the agency of yeast or leaven.