spick and spanspick-and-span
An example of spick and span is a clean and sterilized hospital room or a room in your home that has just been cleaned and vacuumed from top to bottom.
- new or fresh
- neat and clean
Origin of spick-and-spanshort for spick-and-span-new from spick, variant, variety of spike + span-new from Middle English spon-neowe from Old Norse sp?n-n?r from sp?nn, a chip, shaving + n?r, new
- Immaculately clean; spotless: “young men in spick-and-span uniforms” ( Edith Wharton )
- Brand-new; fresh.
Origin of spick-and-spanShort for obsolete spick and span-new spick spike (variant of spike 1) span-new
(comparative more spick-and-span, superlative most spick-and-span)
From spick-and-span-new (literally “new as a recently made spike and chip of wood") (1570s), from spick (“nail") (variant of spike) + Middle English span-new (“very new") (from circa 1300 until 1800s), from Old Norse span-nyr, from spann (“chip") (cognate to Old English spÃ³n, Modern English spoon, due to old spoons being made of wood) + nyr (“new") (cognate to Old English nÄ«we, Modern English new). Imitation of Dutch spiksplinter nieuw (literally “spike-splinter new") , for a freshly built ship. Observe that fresh woodchips are firm and light (if from light wood), but decay and darken rapidly, hence the origin of the term.
(comparative more spick and span, superlative most spick and span)
- (idiomatic) Alternative form of spick-and-span.