- To spend is to use all of a resource, to focus your energy on something or to give someone money.
- An example of to spend is to run until you have no more energy.
- An example of to spend is to use your time by reading.
- An example of to spend is to give a retailer money to buy new clothes.
transitive verbspent, spending
- to use up, exhaust, consume, or wear out: his fury was spent
- to pay out (money); disburse
- to give or devote (time, labor, thought, or effort) to some enterprise or for some purpose
- to pass (a period of time): spending hours together
- to waste; squander
Origin of spendMiddle English spenden ; from Old English spendan (in compound ) ; from Medieval Latin spendere ; from Classical Latin expendere: see expend
- to pay out or use up money, etc.
- Obsolete to be or become consumed, wasted, etc.
verbspent spent , spend·ing, spends
- To use up or put out; expend: spent an hour exercising.
- To pay out (money).
- To wear out; exhaust: The storm finally spent itself.
- To pass (time) in a specified manner or place: spent their vacation in Paris.
- a. To throw away; squander: spent all their resources on futile projects.b. To give up (one's time or efforts, for example) to a cause; sacrifice.
- To pay out or expend money.
- To be exhausted or consumed.
- An amount of money spent on something: doubled the spend on computers.
- The spending of money; expenditure: the management of spend.
Origin of spendMiddle English spenden, partly from Old English -spendan (from Latin expendēre, to expend; see expend) and partly from Old French despendre, to weigh out; see dispense.
(third-person singular simple present spends, present participle spending, simple past and past participle spent)
- To pay out (money).
- He spends far more on gambling than he does on living proper.
- To bestow; to employ; often with on or upon.
- (dated) To squander.
- to spend an estate in gambling
- To exhaust, to wear out.
- The violence of the waves was spent.
- To consume, to use up (time).
- My sister usually spends her free time in nightclubs.
- We spent the winter in the south of France.
- (dated, intransitive) To have an orgasm; to ejaculate sexually.
- (intransitive) To waste or wear away; to be consumed.
- Energy spends in the using of it.
- To be diffused; to spread.
- (mining) To break ground; to continue working.
From Middle English spenden, from Old English *spendan (attested in compounds āspendan (“to spend”), forspendan (“to use up, consume”)), from Proto-Germanic *spendaną, *spendōną (“to spend”), borrowed from Latin expendere (“to weigh out”). Cognate with Old High German spentōn (“to consume, use, spend”) (whence German spenden (“to donate, provide”)), Middle Dutch spenden (“to spend, dedicate”), Old Icelandic spenna (“to spend”).