- To spend is to use all of a resource, to focus your energy on something or to give someone money.
- An example of to spend is to run until you have no more energy.
- An example of to spend is to use your time by reading.
- An example of to spend is to give a retailer money to buy new clothes.
transitive verbspent, spending
- to use up, exhaust, consume, or wear out: his fury was spent
- to pay out (money); disburse
- to give or devote (time, labor, thought, or effort) to some enterprise or for some purpose
- to pass (a period of time): spending hours together
- to waste; squander
Origin of spendMiddle English spenden ; from Old English spendan (in compound ) ; from Medieval Latin spendere ; from Classical Latin expendere: see expend
- to pay out or use up money, etc.
- Obsolete to be or become consumed, wasted, etc.
verbspent spent , spend·ing, spends
- To use up or put out; expend: spent an hour exercising.
- To pay out (money).
- To wear out; exhaust: The storm finally spent itself.
- To pass (time) in a specified manner or place: spent their vacation in Paris.
- a. To throw away; squander: spent all their resources on futile projects.b. To give up (one's time or efforts, for example) to a cause; sacrifice.
- To pay out or expend money.
- To be exhausted or consumed.
- An amount of money spent on something: doubled the spend on computers.
- The spending of money; expenditure: the management of spend.
Origin of spendMiddle English spenden, partly from Old English -spendan (from Latin expendēre, to expend; see expend) and partly from Old French despendre, to weigh out; see dispense.
(third-person singular simple present spends, present participle spending, simple past and past participle spent)
- To pay out (money).
- He spends far more on gambling than he does on living proper.
- To bestow; to employ; often with on or upon.
- (dated) To squander.
- to spend an estate in gambling
- To exhaust, to wear out.
- The violence of the waves was spent.
- To consume, to use up (time).
- My sister usually spends her free time in nightclubs.
- We spent the winter in the south of France.
- (dated, intransitive) To have an orgasm; to ejaculate sexually.
- (intransitive) To waste or wear away; to be consumed.
- Energy spends in the using of it.
- To be diffused; to spread.
- (mining) To break ground; to continue working.
From Middle English spenden, from Old English *spendan (attested in compounds Äspendan (â€œto spendâ€), forspendan (â€œto use up, consumeâ€)), from Proto-Germanic *spendanÄ…, *spendÅnÄ… (â€œto spendâ€), borrowed from Latin expendere (â€œto weigh outâ€). Cognate with Old High German spentÅn (â€œto consume, use, spendâ€) (whence German spenden (â€œto donate, provideâ€)), Middle Dutch spenden (â€œto spend, dedicateâ€), Old Icelandic spenna (â€œto spendâ€).