(third-person singular simple present spends, present participle spending, simple past and past participle spent)
- To pay out (money).
- He spends far more on gambling than he does on living proper.
- To bestow; to employ; often with on or upon.
- (dated) To squander.
- to spend an estate in gambling
- To exhaust, to wear out.
- The violence of the waves was spent.
- To consume, to use up (time).
- My sister usually spends her free time in nightclubs.
- We spent the winter in the south of France.
- (dated, intransitive) To have an orgasm; to ejaculate sexually.
- (intransitive) To waste or wear away; to be consumed.
- Energy spends in the using of it.
- To be diffused; to spread.
- (mining) To break ground; to continue working.
From Middle English spenden, from Old English *spendan (attested in compounds Äspendan (“to spend"), forspendan (“to use up, consume")), from Proto-Germanic *spendanÄ…, *spendÅnÄ… (“to spend"), borrowed from Latin expendere (“to weigh out"). Cognate with Old High German spentÅn (“to consume, use, spend") (whence German spenden (“to donate, provide")), Middle Dutch spenden (“to spend, dedicate"), Old Icelandic spenna (“to spend").