See also language; pronunciation; rhetoric and rhetorical devices; sound.
an incorrectness in diction.
cacology. —acyrological, adj.
an inability to speak, especially as the result of a brain lesion.
an impairment or loss of the faculty of understanding or using spoken or written language. — aphasiac, n. —aphasic, n., adj.
loss of the power of speech; dumbness. — aphonic, —apho-nous, adj.
loss or absence of the power of speech.
the ability to speak in two distinct voices. —biloquist, n.
a defectively produced speech.
socially unacceptable enunciation.
the condition of lacking both hearing and speech. Also called surdomutism. —deafmute, n.
an inability to express ideas or reasoning in speech because of a mental disorder.
an impaired state of the power of speech or of the ability to comprehend language, caused by injury to the brain.
any neurotic disorder of speech; stammering.
speech problems resulting from damage to or malformation of the speech organs.
the uncontrollable and immediate repetition of sounds and words heard from others. — echolalic, adj.
the art of public speaking.
the manner or quality of a person’s speech. —elocutionist, n.
confused or unintelligible speech; gibberish.
an instrument for recording the movements of the tongue during speech.
an ecstatic, usually unintelligible speech uttered in the worship services of any of several sects stressing emotionality and religious fervor. Also called speaking in tongues. —glossolalist, n.
an abnormal fear of speaking in public or of trying to speak.
a throaty manner of speaking.
a condition in which control of the speech organs is lost, resulting in meaningless and deranged speech.
a tendency to articulate sounds with the lips rounded.
an abnormal love of speech or talking.
the branch of medical science that studies disorders of speech. —lalopathy, n. —lalopathic, adj.
an abnormal fear of speaking.
the science that studies speech defects and their treatment. Also logopedics, logopaedics. —logopedie, logopaedic, adj.
a pathological speech problem, as stammering.
a conscious or unconscious refusal to make verbal responses to questions, present in some mental disorders.
any speech that contains new words unintelligible to a hearer. See also psychology
loss of speech or the act of keeping silence.
a speech defect or disorder in which sounds are distorted.
a disorder of the faculty of reasoning, characterized by discon-nected and meaningless speech.
aphasia characterized by the inability to find the correct words to express meaning.
garbled or incoherent speech, the result of aphasia.
speaking from the chest, a phenomenon observed with a stethoscope and caused by the voice reverberating in the lung cavities as a result of disease. —pectoriloquial, pectoriloquous, adj.
the condition of stuttering or stammering.
a mechanical, repetitive, and usually meaningless speech.
deafmutism. —surdomute, n.
the act or process of whispering.
a whispering sound or soft rustling. Also susurrus. —susurrant, susurrous, adj.
an abnormality of speech characterized by extreme volubility.
repetition of the same sound. —tautophonic, tautophonical, adj.
a stammering and stuttering speech.
the art or practice of speaking so that the voice seems not to come from the speaker but from another source, as from a mechanical doll. Also called ventriloquy, ventrilocution, gastriloquism. —ventriloquist, n. —ven-triloquistic, adj.
meaningless repetition of words and phrases.