allocution[al′ō kyo̵̅o̅′s̸hən, al′ə-]
allocution definition by Webster's New World
Origin: Classical Latin allocutio ; from alloqui, to speak to ; from ad-, to plush loqui, to speak
allocution definition by American Heritage Dictionary
Origin: Latin allocūtiō, allocūtiōn-, from allocūtus, past participle of alloquī, to speak to : ad-, ad- + loquī, to speak; see tolkw- in Indo-European roots.
allocution - Legal Definition
- The procedure during sentencing when a judge gives a convicted defendant the opportunity to make a personal statement on his own behalf to mitigate the punishment that is about to be imposed. The defendant does not have to be sworn before he makes his address, his comments are not subject to cross-examination, and the opportunity may include the right to offer evidence (such as an explanation for his conduct or a reason why severe sentence should not be imposed) beyond a request for mercy or an apology for his conduct.
- A similar procedure where the victim of a crime is given in some states the opportunity to personally speak, before punishment is imposed, about the pain and suffering suffered or about the convicted defendant.
- The procedure by which a guilty plea can be accepted in a criminal action. The process usually consists of a series of questions designed to assure the judge that the defendant understands the charges, is guilty of the crime he is accused of, understands the consequences of a guilty plea and that he is entitled to a trial, and is voluntarily entering the plea.