These two potentates raided for slaves to the borders of the rivers and openly threatened the British position on the Niger.
After her death the caliph was in the power of various ministers, under whose management of affairs Syria was for a time lost to the Egyptian caliphate, and Egypt itself raided by the Syrian usurpers, of whom one, Salil~ b.
At the same time Egypt was invaded by the Franks, who raided and did much damage on the coast.
In the following year James was in correspondence with Perkin, then in Ireland; in 1495 he received that pretendant, married him to a daughter of Huntly, and in 1496 raided northern England in his company, - all this in contempt of the offered hand of a Tudor princess.
In the 17th century it was often raided by buccaneers, notably in 1606, when it was completely sacked.