Origin of VikingOld Norse vikingr: origin, originally uncertain
- One of a seafaring Scandinavian people who raided the coasts of northern and western Europe from the eighth through the tenth century.
- A Scandinavian.
Origin of VikingOld Norse vīkingr perhaps from vīk creek, inlet
- (historical) One of the Scandinavian seafaring warriors that raided (then settled) the British Isles and other parts of Europe in the 8th to the 11th centuries and, according to many historians, were the first Europeans to reach North America.
- (by extension) A stock character common in the fantasy genera, a barbarian, generally equipped with an ax and a helmet adorned with horns.
- (American football) A player on the Minnesota Vikings NFL team.
A loan from Old Norse vÃkingr. Already in Old English as wÄ«cing and Old Frisian witsing, wising, but extinct in Middle English and loaned anew in the 19th century.
Old Norse vÃking (“marauding", “piracy") itself is from Old Norse vÃk (“inlet", “cove", “fjord") + -ing (“one belonging to", “one who frequents") (the -r is the nominative desinence). Thus, “one from or who frequents the sea's inlets",
The Old English or Anglo-Frisian form, existing therein since at least the eighth century), could also have been derived from or influenced by Old English wÄ«c (“camp"), on account of the temporary encampments which were often a prominent feature of the Vikings' raids.