Origin of viking
- Old Norse vīkingr perhaps from vīk creek, inlet
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
- The Old English or Anglo-Frisian form, existing therein since at least the eighth century), could also have been derived from or influenced by Old English wÄ«c (“camp"), on account of the temporary encampments which were often a prominent feature of the Vikings' raids.
- Old Norse víking (“marauding", “piracy") itself is from Old Norse vík (“inlet", “cove", “fjord") + -ing (“one belonging to", “one who frequents") (the -r is the nominative desinence). Thus, “one from or who frequents the sea's inlets",
- A loan from Old Norse víkingr. Already in Old English as wÄ«cing and Old Frisian witsing, wising, but extinct in Middle English and loaned anew in the 19th century.