The contentious jurisdiction of the courts Christian was confined to promises of marriage, nullity of marriage caused by " diriment " impediments only, validity or invalidity of the sacrament, divorce a thoro (ibid.).
Saunders, heard in 1824 and reheard in 1827, in which the question was the validity or invalidity of the insolvent laws of the several states, Webster argued that the clause prohibiting a state from impairing the obligation of contracts applied to future as well as to past contracts, but the court decided against him.
He could not doubt for a moment the utter invalidity of Edwardine ordinations to the priesthood.
Crispi was compelled to resign office, although the judicial authorities upheld the invalidity of his early marriage, contracted at Malta in 1853, and ratified his subsequent union with Signora Barbagallo.
This is to assert the principle of the invalidity of all legislation conflicting with ecclesiastical interests and rules.