- Obs. a female demon or evil spirit
- Archaic a witch; enchantress
- an ugly, often vicious, old woman
Origin of hagMiddle English hagge, a witch, hag, contr. from Old English hægtes from haga, hedge, akin to German hexe (OHG hagazussa): sense comparable to Old Norse t?nritha, literally , hedge rider, hence witch
Origin of hagScottish from Middle English haggen from Anglo-N form of Old Norse höggva, to cut, hack, akin to Old English heawan, hew
- a cutting of wood
- felled trees
- the edge of a cutting in a peat bog
- a marsh or marshy spot
- a firm spot in a bog or marsh
Origin of hag< Anglo-N form of ON högg, a cutting, chopping < base of the vt.
- Offensive An old woman considered to be ugly or frightening.
- a. A witch; a sorceress.b. Obsolete A female demon.
- A hagfish.
Origin of hagMiddle English hagge perhaps short for Old English hægtesse witch
- A boggy area; a quagmire.
- A spot in boggy land that is softer or more solid than the surrounding area.
- A cutting in a peat bog.
Origin of hagMiddle English gap, chasm of Scandinavian origin Old Norse högg ; see kau- in Indo-European roots.
- A witch, sorceress, or enchantress; a wizard.
- (pejorative) An ugly old woman.
- A fury; a she-monster.
- A hagfish; an eel-like marine marsipobranch, Myxine glutinosa, allied to the lamprey, with a suctorial mouth, labial appendages, and a single pair of gill openings.
- A hagdon or shearwater.
- An appearance of light and fire on a horse's mane or a man's hair.
- The fruit of the hagberry, Prunus padus.
(third-person singular simple present hags, present participle hagging, simple past and past participle hagged)
Middle English hagge, hegge 'demon, old woman', shortening of Old English hægtesse, hægtes (“harpy, witch”), from Proto-Germanic *hagatusjōn (compare Saterland Frisian Häkse (“witch”), Dutch heks, German Hexe (“witch”)), compounds of (1) *hagaz 'able, skilled' (compare Old Norse hagr (“handy, skillful”), Middle High German behac (“pleasurable”)), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱak- (compare Sanskrit [script?] (śaknóti, “he can”)[Devanagari?]), and (2) *tusjōn 'witch' (compare dialectal Norwegian tysja (“fairy, she-elf”)).
Scots hag (“to cut”); compare English hack.