An example of grammar is how commas and semicolons are supposed to be used.
- that part of the study of language which deals with the forms and structure of words (morphology), with their customary arrangement in phrases and sentences (syntax), and now often with language sounds (phonology) and word meanings (semantics)
- the system of a given language at a given time
- a body of rules imposed on a given language for speaking and writing it, based on the study of its grammar (sense ) or on some adaptation of another, esp. Latin, grammar
- a book or treatise on grammar
- one's manner of speaking or writing as judged by prescriptive grammatical rules: his grammar was poor
- the elementary principles of a field of knowledge
- a book or treatise on these
Origin of grammarMiddle English gramer from Old French gramaire from Classical Latin grammatica (ars, art) from Classical Greek grammatik? (techn?, art), grammar, learning from gramma, something written (see gram): in Classical Latin and Classical Greek a term for the whole apparatus of literary study: in the medieval period, specifically , “the study of Latin,” hence “all learning as recorded in Latin” (cf. grammar school in British usage), and “the occult sciences as associated, association with this learning”: see gramarye, glamour
- a. The study of how words and their component parts combine to form sentences.b. The study of structural relationships in language or in a language, sometimes including pronunciation, meaning, and linguistic history.
- a. The system of inflections, syntax, and word formation of a language.b. The system of rules implicit in a language, viewed as a mechanism for generating all sentences possible in that language.
- a. A normative or prescriptive set of rules setting forth the current standard of usage for pedagogical or reference purposes.b. Writing or speech judged with regard to such a set of rules.
- A book containing the morphologic, syntactic, and semantic rules for a specific language.
- a. The basic principles of an area of knowledge: the grammar of music.b. A book dealing with such principles.
Origin of grammarMiddle English gramere from Old French gramaire alteration of Latin grammatica from Greek grammatikē from feminine of grammatikos of letters from gramma grammat- letter ; see gerbh- in Indo-European roots.
(countable and uncountable, plural grammars)
- A system of rules and principles for speaking and writing a language.
- (uncountable, linguistics) The study of the internal structure of words (morphology) and the use of words in the construction of phrases and sentences (syntax).
- A book describing the rules of grammar of a language.
- (computing theory) A formal system specifying the syntax of a language.
- (computing theory) A formal system defining a formal language
- The basic rules or principles of a field of knowledge or a particular skill.
- (UK, archaic) A textbook.
- a grammar of geography
- (UK) A grammar school.
(third-person singular simple present grammars, present participle grammaring, simple past and past participle grammared)
- (obsolete, intransitive) To discourse according to the rules of grammar; to use grammar.
From Middle English gramarye, gramery, from Old French gramaire (“classical learning”), from Latin grammatica, from Ancient Greek γραμματική (grammatike, “skilled in writing”), from γράμμα (gramma, “line of writing”), from γράφω (grapho, “write”), from Proto-Indo-European *gerebh- (“to scratch”).