Evidently these fugitives were allowed to pass by special permission.
The measure soon met with strong opposition in the northern states, and Personal Liberty Laws were passed to hamper officials in the execution of the law; Indiana in 1824 and Connecticut in 1828 providing jury trial for fugitives who appealed from an original decision against them.
The fugitives took sanctuary in the temple of Dagon at Azotus.
The condition of fugitives and of pursuers was equally bad.
Crowds of fugitives crossed the frontier to seek refuge in Germany and England.