(pseud. of Jacques Anatole François Thibault) 1844-1924; Fr. novelist & literary critic
country in W Europe, on the Atlantic & the Mediterranean Sea: 211,209 sq mi (547,030 sq km); cap. Paris
Fr. name Ré·pub·lique′ Fran·çaise′
A country of western Europe. It was settled by the Franks after the retreat of the Romans, who had conquered Celtic Gaul in 58–51 BC. Though Charlemagne incorporated it into his Empire of the West after AD 800, France was eventually split into numerous fiefdoms and principalities, many of which were not incorporated into the royal domain until the time of Louis XI (reigned 1461–1483). Widespread poverty and discontent led to the French Revolution (1789) and the end of the monarchy. The First Republic (1792–1804) was followed by the First Empire (1804–1815) under Napoleon I, a period of constitutional monarchy (1814–1848), and a succession of republics broken by the Second Empire (1852–1870) under Napoleon III. Much of France was occupied by Germany in World War II. Paris is the capital and the largest city.
Francomania an obsession with France and things French. Francophile Gallophil. Francophobia a hatred of France or things French. Also called Gallophobia. Frenchism a French expression used in English, as outré. Callomania a fondness or prejudice for French life, manners, etc. Gallophil, Gallophile a person, not French, who loves France. Also called Francophile. Gallophobia Francophobia. Girondism a form of mild republicanism in France, 1791-1793, led by natives of the Gironde. —Girondist, n., adj. Normanism the traits, customs, and culture of the Normans. —Normanist, n. —Normanic, adj.
- A country in Western Europe which borders Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Andorra and Spain, is a member state of the European Union, and has a population of 62 million inhabitants. Official name: French Republic (République française).
- A French surname.
- Anatole France, a French poet, journalist, and novelist