- Extirpate is defined as to completely remove, destroy or pull out by the roots.
- An example of extirpate is to get rid of field mice in a basement.
- An example of extirpate is pulling weeds from your vegetable garden.
An extirpated tree.
transitive verbextirpated, extirpating
- to pull up by the roots; root out
- to destroy or remove completely; exterminate; abolish
Origin of extirpate; from Classical Latin extirpatus, past participle of extirpare, exstirpare, to root out ; from ex-, out + stirps, lower part of a tree, root ; from Indo-European base an unverified form ster-, stiff from source stare, starve, stark
transitive verbex·tir·pat·ed, ex·tir·pat·ing, ex·tir·pates
- a. To destroy totally; kill off: an effort to reintroduce wildlife that had been extirpated from the region.b. To render absent or nonexistent: “No society &ellipsis; is devoid of &ellipsis; religion, even those &ellipsis; which have made deliberate attempts to extirpate it” (Roy A. Rappaport). See Synonyms at eliminate.
- To pull up by the roots.
- To remove by surgery.
Origin of extirpateLatin exstirpāre, exstirpāt- : ex-, ex- + stirps, root.
(third-person singular simple present extirpates, present participle extirpating, simple past and past participle extirpated)