An extirpated tree.
- An example of extirpate is to get rid of field mice in a basement.
- An example of extirpate is pulling weeds from your vegetable garden.
transitive verb-·pat·ed, -·pat·ing
- to pull up by the roots; root out
- to destroy or remove completely; exterminate; abolish
Origin of extirpatefrom Classical Latin extirpatus, past participle of extirpare, exstirpare, to root out from ex-, out + stirps, lower part of a tree, root from Indo-European base an unverified form ster-, stiff from source stare, starve, stark
transitive verbex·tir·pat·ed, ex·tir·pat·ing, ex·tir·pates
- a. To destroy totally; kill off: an effort to reintroduce wildlife that had been extirpated from the region.b. To render absent or nonexistent: “No society … is devoid of … religion, even those … which have made deliberate attempts to extirpate it” ( Roy A. Rappaport ) See Synonyms at eliminate.
- To pull up by the roots.
- To remove by surgery.
Origin of extirpateLatin exstirpāre exstirpāt- ex- ex- stirps root
(third-person singular simple present extirpates, present participle extirpating, simple past and past participle extirpated)