To this attitude he offered uncompromising opposition, and by the synthetical production of numerous hydrocarbons, natural fats, sugars and other bodies he proved that organic compounds can be formed by ordinary methods of chemical manipulation and obey the same laws as inorganic substances, thus exhibiting the "creative character in virtue of which chemistry actually realizes the abstract conceptions of its theories and classifications - a prerogative so far possessed neither by the natural nor by the historical sciences."
The French census uses the commune as the basis of its returns, and employs the following classifications in respect to communal population: (I) Total communal population.
At present, therefore, classifications of the Hydromedusae have a more or less tentative character, and are liable to revision with increased knowledge of the life-histories of these organisms. Many groups bear at present two names, the one representing the group as defined by polyp-characters, the other as defined by medusa-characters.
Delage and Herouard (Hydrozoa ) were the first to make an heroic attempt to unite the two classifications into one, to which Hickson (Hydrozoa ) has made some additions and slight modifications.
52), referable to the family Clavidae; a fact sufficient to Indi a cate the tentative character of even the most modern classifications of this order.