An example of a bivouac.
- The definition of a bivouac is a temporary camp with limited shelter.
An example of a bivouac is a set up of tents and a campfire for soldiers.
- Bivouac is defined as to stay in a temporary camp.
An example of bivouac is for soldiers to sleep outdoors for a night.
- Archaic a night guard to avoid surprise attack
- a temporary encampment (esp. of soldiers) in the open, with only tents or improvised shelter
Origin of bivouacFrench from German dialect, dialectal (Swiss) biwacht, night guard from Old High German bi-, by, with + wahta, watchman from wahhen, watch, wake
intransitive verb-·acked·, -·ack·ing
intransitive verbbiv·ou·acked, biv·ou·ack·ing, biv·ou·acs, also biv·ou·acks
Origin of bivouacFrench from German dialectal beiwacht supplementary night watch bei- beside ( from Middle High German bi- ) ( from Old High German; see ambhi in Indo-European roots.) Wacht watch, vigil ( from Middle High German wahte ) ( from Old High German wahta ; see weg- in Indo-European roots.)
(third-person singular simple present bivouacs or bivouacks, present participle bivouacking, simple past and past participle bivouacked)
- To set up camp.
- We'll bivouac here tonight.
- To watch at night or be on guard, as a whole army.
- To encamp for the night without tents or covering.
Borrowing from French bivouac, formerly biouac, bivac, from Alemannic German beiwacht, biwacht (“a patrol of citizens added to in time of alarm or commotion to the regular town watch”), from bi, bei (“by”) + *wacht (“watch, guard”), from Middle High German wachte, from Old High German *wahta (“guard, watch”), from Proto-Germanic *wahtwō (“guard, watch”), from Proto-Indo-European *weǵ- (“to be awake, be fresh, be cheerful”). Compare German Beiwache (“a keeping watch”), German Wacht (“guard”). More at by, watch, wait.