and[and; unstressed, ənd, ən, 'n]
- And is used to express also, in addition, moreover, then, besides, at the same time and plus.
- An example of and is four and nine equals 13.
- An example of and is "She went to the grocery store, at the same time she bought an ice cream cone."
- in addition; also; as well as: used to join elements of similar syntactic structure: apples and pears; a red and white dress; he begged and borrowed
- plus; added to: 6 and 2 equals 8
- but; yet; in contrast: vegetable oil is digestible and mineral oil is not
- then again; then in addition: used between two instances of the same word to express repetition or continuity: we talked and talked
- as a consequence or result: he told her and she wept
- then; following this: she drove to the store and bought groceries
- Informal to: used as a sign of the infinitive: try and understand
- as well as other kinds of: used between two instances of the same word to express difference in kind or quality: there are painters and painters, my friend
- Archaic then: used before a sentence: and it came to pass
- Obsolete if
Origin of andMiddle English and, an ; from Old English and, ond; akin to German und, Old High German unti, Old Saxon endi, Old Norse enn: the origin, originally meaning was “thereupon, then, next”
Origin of ANDFrom and.
- Together with or along with; in addition to; as well as. Used to connect words, phrases, or clauses that have the same grammatical function in a construction.
- Added to; plus: Two and two makes four.
- Used to indicate result: Give the boy a chance, and he might surprise you.
- Informal To. Used between finite verbs, such as go, come, try, write, or see: try and find it; come and see. See Usage Note at try.
- Archaic If: and it please you.
Origin of andMiddle English, from Old English; see en in Indo-European roots. Usage Note: A traditional grammatical rule asserts that sentences beginning with and or but express “incomplete thoughts” and are therefore incorrect. But this stricture has been ignored by writers from Shakespeare to Joyce Carol Oates, and most of the Usage Panel sees wisdom in this attitude. In our 1988 survey, when asked whether they paid attention to the rule in their own writing, 24 percent answered “always or usually,” 36 percent answered “sometimes,” and 40 percent answered “rarely or never.” See Usage Notes at both, but, with.
- (Now chiefly dialectal, Scotland) Used to form the present participle of verbs, equivalent to -ing.
- livand, nurischand, ravand, snipand
- (rare or no longer productive) A suffix of Anglo-Saxon origin forming adjectives from verbs analogous to -ing.
- (no longer productive) A noun suffix, usually denoting agency, similar to -er.
From Middle English -and, -end, -ant, -nd, from Old English -ende, -ande, present participle ending of verbs, and Old English -end, -nd, agent ending, both from Proto-Germanic *-andz (present participle suffix), from Proto-Indo-European *-anto-. More at -ing.
From Latin gerundive termination -andus, -endus. More at -end.
- (no longer productive) A prefix of Old English origin meaning "against", "back", "in return", "away", represented in Modern English by a-, an-, on-, and in altered form by the reverse-action prefix un- (i.e. unbuckle). Also as the initial letter d in dread (< Old English ondrǣdan).
From Middle English and-, ond-, from Old English and-, ond- (“against, back”), from Proto-Germanic *and-, *anda-, *andi- (“across, opposite, against, away”), from Proto-Indo-European *anta, *anti (“across, forth”), from Proto-Indo-European *ant- (“forehead, foreside, end, limit”). Cognate with Dutch ont-, German ant-, ent-, emp-, Icelandic and-, Gothic - (and-), Latin ante (“before”), Ancient Greek ἀντί (anti, “against”).