And Definition

ənd, ən; ănd when stressed
Together with or along with; in addition to; as well as. Used to connect words, phrases, or clauses that have the same grammatical function in a construction.
American Heritage
In addition; also; as well as.
Apples and pears; a red and white dress; he begged and borrowed.
Webster's New World
Added to; plus.
Two and two makes four.
American Heritage
Plus; added to.
6 and 2 equals 8
Webster's New World
Used to indicate result.
Give the boy a chance, and he might surprise you.
American Heritage
An addition or stipulation.
The offer is final—no ifs, ands, or buts.
American Heritage
A logical operator that returns a true value only if both operands are true.
American Heritage
American Heritage
American Heritage
American Heritage
(astronomy) Andromeda Constellation.
(astronomy) Andromeda Galaxy.
(Now chiefly dialectal, Scotland) Used to form the present participle of verbs, equivalent to -ing.
Livand, nurischand, ravand, snipand.
(rare or no longer productive) A suffix of Anglo-Saxon origin forming adjectives from verbs analogous to -ing.
(no longer productive) A noun suffix, usually denoting agency, similar to -er.

A suffix forming nouns denoting patients or recipients of actions, such as compiland.


(no longer productive) A prefix of Old English origin meaning "against", "back", "in return", "away", represented in Modern English by a-, an-, on-, and in altered form by the reverse-action prefix un- (i.e. unbuckle). Also as the initial letter d in dread (< Old English ondrǣdan).

and so forth
  • And other unspecified things of the same class:

    bought groceries, went to the bank, picked up the dry cleaning, and so forth.

  • Further in the same manner.
American Heritage
and then some
  • With considerably more in addition:

    This project will take all our skill and then some.

American Heritage

Idioms, Phrasal Verbs Related to And

Origin of And

  • From Middle English and-, ond-, from Old English and-, ond- (“against, back”), from Proto-Germanic *and-, *anda-, *andi- (“across, opposite, against, away”), from Proto-Indo-European *anta, *anti (“across, forth”), from Proto-Indo-European *ant- (“forehead, foreside, end, limit”). Cognate with Dutch ont-, German ant-, ent-, emp-, Icelandic and-, Gothic - (and-), Latin ante (“before”), Ancient Greek ἀντί (anti, “against”).

    From Wiktionary

  • From Middle English -and, -end, -ant, -nd, from Old English -ende, -ande, present participle ending of verbs, and Old English -end, -nd, agent ending, both from Proto-Germanic *-andz (present participle suffix), from Proto-Indo-European *-anto-. More at -ing.

    From Wiktionary

  • From Latin gerundive termination -andus, -endus. More at -end.

    From Wiktionary

  • Middle English from Old English en in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From and

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

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