(countable and uncountable, plural ambers)
- 1579, The Booke of Simples, fol. 56 (contained in Bulleins Bulwarke of Defence against all Sicknesse, Soarnesse, and Woundes):
- As for Amber Grice, or Amber Cane, which ist most sweet myngled with other sweete thynges: some say it commeth from the rocks of the Sea. […] Some say it is gotten by a fish called Azelum, which feedeth upon Amber Grece, and dyeth, which is taken by cunnyng fishers and the belly opened, and this precious Amber found in hym.
- 1600, John Pory (translat), A Geographical Historie of Africa (original by Leo Africanus), page 344:
- The head of this fish is as hard as stone. The inhabitants of the Ocean sea coast affirme that this fish casteth foorth Amber; but whether the said Amber be the sperma or the excrement thereof, they cannot well determine.
- 1717, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, letter, 18 Apr 1717:
- Slaves […] with silver Censors […] perfum'd the air with Amber, Aloes wood, and other Scents.
- A hard, generally yellow to brown translucent fossil resin, used for jewellery. One variety, blue amber, appears blue rather than yellow under direct sunlight. [from 15th c.]
- A brownish yellow colour.
- (UK) The intermediate light in a set of three traffic lights, the illumination of which indicates that drivers should stop short of the intersection if it is safe to do so.
- (biology, genetics, biochemistry) The stop codon (nucleotide triplet) "UAG", or a mutant which has this stop codon at a premature place in its DNA sequence.
- an amber codon, an amber mutation, an amber suppressor
- (intermediate light in a set of three traffic lights): red, green
(comparative more amber, superlative most amber)
- Of a brownish yellow colour, like that of most amber.
(third-person singular simple present ambers, present participle ambering, simple past and past participle ambered)
- (rare) To perfume or flavour with ambergris.
- ambered wine, an ambered room
- (rare) To preserve in amber.
- an ambered fly
- (rare, chiefly poetic or literary) To cause to take on the yellow colour of amber.
- (intransitive, rare, chiefly poetic or literary) To take on the yellow colour of amber.
From Middle French ambre, from Arabic عنبر (ʿanbar, “ambergris”), from Middle Persian ʾmbl (ambar, “ambergris”). Compare lamber, ambergris.
- The nucleotide sequence "UAG" is named "amber" for the first person to isolate the amber mutation, California Institute of Technology graduate student Harris Bernstein, whose last name ("Bernstein") is the German word for the resin "amber".
- A female given name, popular in the 1980s and the 1990s.
- A surname of uncertain origin.
From amber, from Middle English ambre, from Old French ambre, from Latin ambar, from Arabic عنبر (anbar, “amber”)
- A female given name.
- A ruined city in Rajasthan, India.
From a form of the Hindi आसमान (āsmān, “the heavens”).