- A city of southwest Georgia on the Flint River southeast of Columbus. It is an industrial and processing center in a pecan- and peanut-growing area.
- The capital (since 1797) of New York, in the eastern part of the state on the west bank of the Hudson River at the head of deep-water navigation. The early 17th-century Dutch settlement Fort Orange was renamed Albany when the English took control in 1664.
- (archaic) Scotland north of the River Forth
Middle English from Medieval Latin Albania ("white land", "Scotland") from Scottish Gaelic Alba ("Scotland"), ultimately from Proto-Celtic *Alb-i̯en- ("the island of Great Britain"), from either Proto-Indo-European *albho- ("white", in reference to the Cliffs of Dover) or *alb- ("hill", presumably by comparison with the Netherlands and French coast)
From Middle English Albany ("Scotland"), a Scottish duchy created in 1398 and bestowed upon younger sons of the King of Scots which became a British title upon the 1707 Act of Union
Named in honor of Albany, the capital city of New York state
- a city in Western Australia