abstemious[ab stē′mē əs, əb-]
- The definition of abstemious is someone who abstains or is moderate, often specifically in their consumption of food and beverage.
An person who suffers from anorexia is an example of someone who is abstemious.
- moderate, esp. in eating and drinking; temperate
- characterized by abstinence
Origin of abstemiousClassical Latin abstemius, abstaining from alcoholic liquor ; from ab(s)-, from + root of temetum, strong drink
- Eating and drinking in moderation.
- Characterized by abstinence or moderation: an abstemious way of life.
Origin of abstemiousFrom Latin abstēmius : abs-, ab-, away; see ab–1 + *tēmum, liquor, variant of tēmētum.
(comparative more abstemious, superlative most abstemious)
- Sparing in diet; refraining from a free use of food and strong drinks; temperate; abstinent; sparing in the indulgence of the appetite or passions. [First attested in the mid 17th century.]
- Sparingly used; used with temperance or moderation. [First attested in the mid 17th century.]
- an abstemious diet - Edward Gibbon
- Marked by, or spent in, abstinence; as, an abstemious life.
- One abstemious day. - Alexander Pope
- (rare) Promotive of abstemiousness.
- Such is the virtue of the abstemious well. - John Dryden
First attested in 1600. From Latin abstēmius (“abstaining from wine”); from ab, abs (“from”) + tēmus, root of tēmētum (“intoxicating drink, mead, wine”), akin to German dämlich (“stupid, silly”), Old Norse þám (“mugginess”), Old Irish tám (“death”), Sanskrit ताम्यति (tāmyati, “he becomes stunned, exhausted”).