abstemious[ab stē′mē əs, əb-]
An person who suffers from anorexia is an example of someone who is abstemious.
- moderate, esp. in eating and drinking; temperate
- characterized by abstinence
Origin of abstemiousClassical Latin abstemius, abstaining from alcoholic liquor ; from ab(s)-, from + root of temetum, strong drink
- Eating and drinking in moderation.
- Characterized by abstinence or moderation: an abstemious way of life.
Origin of abstemiousFrom Latin abstēmius : abs-, ab-, away; see ab–1 + *tēmum, liquor, variant of tēmētum.
(comparative more abstemious, superlative most abstemious)
- Sparing in diet; refraining from a free use of food and strong drinks; temperate; abstinent; sparing in the indulgence of the appetite or passions. [First attested in the mid 17th century.]
- Sparingly used; used with temperance or moderation. [First attested in the mid 17th century.]
- Marked by, or spent in, abstinence; as, an abstemious life.
- (rare) Promotive of abstemiousness.
First attested in 1600. From Latin abstēmius (“abstaining from wine”); from ab, abs (“from”) + tēmus, root of tēmētum (“intoxicating drink, mead, wine”), akin to German dämlich (“stupid, silly”), Old Norse þám (“mugginess”), Old Irish tám (“death”), Sanskrit ताम्यति (tāmyati, “he becomes stunned, exhausted”).