- Absorption is defined as the process when one thing becomes part of another thing, or the process of something soaking, either literally or figuratively.
- An example of absorption is soaking up spilled milk with a paper towel.
- An example of absorption is when you memorize all 50 states by reading your text book and looking at a map.
- The definition of absorption is the state of becoming engrossed after totally concentrating on something.
An example of absorption is being engrossed in your favorite TV show and not paying attention to anything else.
Soaking up this spill is absorption.
absorption definition by Webster's New World
- an absorbing or being absorbed
- the fact or state of being much interested or engrossed
- Biol. the passing of nutrient material, medication, etc. into or through tissues, as the intestinal walls, the blood, etc.
- a taking in and not reflecting, as of radiant energy
- partial loss in energy of light, radio waves, etc. passing through a medium
Origin: Classical Latin absorptio ; from absorbere: see absorb
- absorptive adjective
absorption definition by American Heritage Dictionary
- The act or process of absorbing or the condition of being absorbed.
- A state of mental concentration.
Origin: Latin absorptiō, absorptiōn-, from absorptus, past participle of absorbēre, to absorb; see absorb.
- ab·sorpˈtive adjective
- abˌsorp·tivˈi·ty noun
absorption - Computer Definition
The irreversible conversion of some or all of the energy of an electromagnetic wave to another form of energy as a result of its encounter and interaction with matter through which it is propagating or upon which it is incident. Generally, the sum of the electromagnetic energy converts to thermal energy, i.e., heat, which transfers to the matter, and which results in some amount of signal attenuation. An electrical signal propagating through a copper conductor, for example, attenuates as some electromagnetic energy is converted to thermal energy due to the vibration of free electrons in the copper. Similarly, an optical signal propagating through a glass optical fiber (GOF) suffers some attenuation as the photons interact with the crystalline silicon dioxide and dopants that comprise the fiber and convert to thermal energy. Radio waves also suffer considerably from absorption, which in fact is used to advantage in microwave ovens. See also attenuation and propagation.
absorption - Medical Definition
absorption - Science Definition
- Biology The movement of a substance, such as a liquid or solute, across a cell membrane by means of diffusion or osmosis.
- Chemistry The process by which one substance, such as a solid or liquid, takes up another substance, such as a liquid or gas, through minute pores or spaces between its molecules. A paper towel takes up water, and water takes up carbon dioxide, by absorption. Compare adsorption.
- Physics The taking up and storing of energy, such as radiation, light, or sound, without it being reflected or transmitted. During absorption, the energy may change from one form into another. When radiation strikes the electrons in an atom, the electrons move to a higher orbit or state of excitement by absorption of the radiation's energy.