absorption[ab sôrp′s̸hən, -zôrp′-; əb-]
- Absorption is defined as the process when one thing becomes part of another thing, or the process of something soaking, either literally or figuratively.
- An example of absorption is soaking up spilled milk with a paper towel.
- An example of absorption is when you memorize all 50 states by reading your text book and looking at a map.
- The definition of absorption is the state of becoming engrossed after totally concentrating on something.
An example of absorption is being engrossed in your favorite TV show and not paying attention to anything else.
Soaking up this spill is absorption.
- an absorbing or being absorbed
- the fact or state of being much interested or engrossed
- Biol. the passing of nutrient material, medication, etc. into or through tissues, as the intestinal walls, the blood, etc.
- a taking in and not reflecting, as of radiant energy
- partial loss in energy of light, radio waves, etc. passing through a medium
Origin of absorptionClassical Latin absorptio ; from absorbere: see absorb
- The act or process of absorbing or the condition of being absorbed.
- A state of mental concentration.
Origin of absorptionLatin absorptiō, absorptiōn-, from absorptus, past participle of absorbēre, to absorb; see absorb.
- assimilate; incorporation. [First attested in the mid 18th century.]
- the absorption of a smaller tribe into a larger
- the absorption of bodies in a whirlpool
- (chemistry, physics) the imbibing or reception by molecular or chemical action, of radiant energy; the process of being neutrons being absorbed by the nucleus; interception. [First attested in the mid 18th century.]
- the absorption of light, heat, electricity, etc.
- (physiology) in living organisms, the process by which the materials of growth and nutrition are absorbed and conveyed to the tissues and organs; taking in by various means, such as by osmosis. [First attested in the mid 18th century.]
- absorption in some employment
First attested in 1597. From Latin absorptiō (“a sucking in”), from absorbeō (“absorb”).
absorption - Computer Definition
The irreversible conversion of some or all of the energy of an electromagnetic wave to another form of energy as a result of its encounter and interaction with matter through which it is propagating or upon which it is incident. Generally, the sum of the electromagnetic energy converts to thermal energy, i.e., heat, which transfers to the matter, and which results in some amount of signal attenuation. An electrical signal propagating through a copper conductor, for example, attenuates as some electromagnetic energy is converted to thermal energy due to the vibration of free electrons in the copper. Similarly, an optical signal propagating through a glass optical fiber (GOF) suffers some attenuation as the photons interact with the crystalline silicon dioxide and dopants that comprise the fiber and convert to thermal energy. Radio waves also suffer considerably from absorption, which in fact is used to advantage in microwave ovens. See also attenuation and propagation.