The potential at any point due to a magnetic shell is the product of its strength into the **solid angle** w subtended by its edge at the given point, or V = Fu.

Hence the total **solid angle** round any point is 47r.

The **solid angle**s subtended by all normal sections of a cone at the vertex are therefore equal, and since the attractions of these sections on a particle at the vertex are proportional to their distances from the vertex, they are numerically equal to one another and to the **solid angle** of the cone.

The electric density on the sphere being uniform, the quantities of electricity on these areas are proportional to the areas, and if the electric force varies inversely as the square of the distance, the forces exerted by these two surface charges at the point in question are proportional to the **solid angle** of the little cone.

The normal section of the cone at that point is equal to dS cosO, and the **solid angle** dw is equal to dS cos0/x 2.