When you make your child stand in the corner for doing something bad, this is an example of when you punish your child.
When a tax cut ends up costing the middle class money, this is an example of when tax cuts punish the middle class.
My boots were punished by our long trek through the desert.
The punishing rays of the sun.
Origin of punish
- Middle English punissen, punishen from Old French punir puniss- from Latin poenīre, pūnīre from poena punishment from Greek poinē kwei-1 in Indo-European roots
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition