Any of the three wars (264–241, 218–201, and 149–146 bc ) fought between Rome and Carthage, resulting ultimately in the destruction of Carthage and the gain by the Romans of its territory in Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, Africa, and Spain.
In the First Punic War, however, it was sacked by the Romans (261) and the Carthaginians (255), and finally in the Second Punic War by the Romans (210).
There are signs of trade with Etruria as early as the 7th century B.C. The Carthaginians made it into an important grainproducing centre; and the Romans set foot in the island more than once during the First Punic War.
Cassius Hemina (about 146), in the fourth book of his Annals, wrote on the Second Punic War.
At the outbreak of the Second Punic War (219 B.C.) it was a large and commercially prosperous town of native - not Greek - origin.
The First Punic War having exhausted the treasury, the as was reduced to 2 OZ.