- An ancient city in North Africa, in modern Tunisia.
From Latin Carthāgo, from Phoenician (Qart-ḥadašt, “New City”), implying that it was a “new Tyre” (Carthage was founded by Phoenician colonists from Tyre). Compare the Aramaic קרתא חדאתא (qarta ḥdatha, “new city”). Cognate to Ancient Greek Καρχηδών (Karkhēdōn), Arabic قرطاج (Qarṭāj), modern Hebrew קרתגו (Qartágo).
- The town was originally a Phoenician colony founded by Tyrians long before Carthage (Sallust, Jug.
- In the succeeding century it was connected with Carthage by a great highway.
- Cartagena was founded about the year 243 B.C. by the Carthaginian Hasdrubal, and was called Carthago Nova or New Carthage, to distinguish it from the African city of Carthage.
- The western emporium known in the scriptures as Tarshish was probably situated in the south of Spain, possibly at Cadiz, although some writers contend that it was Carthage in North Africa.
- He fell, however, in 407 in an attempt to enter Syracuse, and, as a result of the treaty of 405 B.C., Selinus became absolutely subject to Carthage, and remained so until its destruction at the close of the first Punic War, when its inhabitants were transferred to Lilybaeum.