Lingua-franca definition

frăngkə
Frequency:
A medium of communication between peoples of different languages.
noun
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A mixture of Italian with Provençal, French, Spanish, Arabic, Greek, and Turkish, formerly spoken on the eastern Mediterranean coast.
noun
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A hybrid language based on Italian, with Spanish, French, Greek, and Arabic elements, spoken, esp. formerly, in certain Mediterranean ports.
noun
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It implies a common, or standard, language. The term is used in the information industry to refer to the most-widely used format, protocol or command language for a particular purpose. Its actual meaning is "Frankish language," which is spoken in various Mediterranean ports and is a combination of Italian, Spanish, French, Greek, Arabic and Turkish. Its original meaning also implies a hybrid or mixture of languages.
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Something that is like a common language.
noun
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A language used for communication between different peoples, as English in global commerce, or Swahili in C Africa.
noun
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A hybrid language used for this purpose, as pidgin English.
noun
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A common language used by people of diverse backgrounds to communicate with one another, often a basic form of speech with simplified grammar.
noun
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Other Word Forms

Noun

Singular:
lingua-franca
Plural:
lingua-francas, lingue-franche

Origin of lingua-franca

  • Italian lingua language franca Frankish (that is, European)

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Italian lingua franca (“Frankish language")

    From Wiktionary