Origin of diabetesMiddle English diabete from Classical Latin diabetes, a siphon (in LL, diabetes) from Classical Greek diab?t?s from diabainein, to pass through from dia (see dia-) + bainein, to go, come
- Type 1 diabetes - comes from some type of immunological event that destroys the inability of the pancreas to secrete insulin.
- Type 2 diabetes - happens when either the pancreas is not making enough insulin or the body has grown resistant to it and the cells can’t use the glucose.
- Gestational diabetes - occurs when a woman is pregnant and is caused from certain hormones that are present during pregnancy.
- Heredity - a person can be genetically predisposed to diabetes.
- Age – 80% of diabetes cases occur after the age of 50.
- Malnutrition or poor diet – Lack of nutrition, low intake of fiber and protein, plus the high intake of processed and refined food products are major reasons for diabetes.
- Obesity – Too much fat in your body can make the cells resistant to the insulin.
- Inactive Lifestyle – Those who have sedentary lifestyles are more likely to have diabetes.
- Stress – Emotional or physical disturbances can change the glucose levels and affect your metabolism.
- Drugs – There are several drugs that are known to potentially induce diabetes including Quetiapine (Seroquel), clozapine (Clozaril), ziprasidone (Geodon), risperidone (Risperdal), and olanzapine (Zyprexa)
- Infection – Straphylococci is supposedly responsible for causing infection in the pancreas thus affecting insulin production.
- Gender – Diabetes is more common in elderly men or women with multiple pregnancies or those suffering from Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.
- Hypertension – Studies have shown that high blood pressure is directly related to diabetes.
- Lipoproteins and Serum lipids – High cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood are connected to high blood sugar levels.
- 25.8 million children and adults in the United States—8.3% of the population—had diabetes as of 2011.
- 79 million people are prediabetic.
- Diabetes contributed to over 230,000 deaths in the U.S. in 2007.
- Adults with diabetes have heart disease death rates about 2 to 4 times higher than adults without diabetes.
- Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness among adults aged 20–74.
- Diabetes is the leading cause of renal failure.
- Symptoms of diabetes include thirst, weight loss, tiredness, hunger and frequent urination.
- Treatment of diabetes includes insulin, either in injections or pill form.
- An example of diabetes is when your body can't produce enough insulin on its own, and eating too much sugar makes your blood sugar spike.
- An example of diabetes is Type 1 diabetes (when the body does not have the capacity to produce enough insulin) which accounts for around 10% of the total diabetics in the U.S.
- An example of diabetes is Type 2 diabetes (when the body does not use insulin properly), which accounts for 90% of the the diabetics in the U.S., is typically brought on by a lifetime of poor health decisions.
Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is defined as a metabolic disorder that causes your body to be unable to properly produce insulin and regulate its blood sugar levels.
Major Causes of Diabetes
Facts About Diabetes
- Any of a group of diseases characterized by high blood sugar levels caused by insufficient production of insulin, impaired response to insulin, or both, especially:a. Type 1 diabetes.b. Type 2 diabetes.c. Gestational diabetes. Also called In all subsenses also called diabetes mellitus .
- See diabetes insipidus.
Origin of diabetesMiddle English diabete from Medieval Latin diabētēs from Greek compass, siphon, diabetes from diabainein, diabē- to stride or stand with legs apart, cross over, straddle dia- dia- bainein to go ; see gwā- in Indo-European roots.Word History: Ancient Greek physicians gave the name diabētēs to a chronic disease characterized by excessive urination—probably what we now know as diabetes insipidus. (Later, the name was also used for a different disease, diabetes mellitus, in which increased urination is a common symptom.) The term is ultimately derived from the verb diabainein, “to stride or stand with the legs apart, step across, pass over,” but it is not certain how diabētēs came to describe the disease. Diabētēs has a variety of other meanings in Greek, including “compass” (since a compass can be likened to a person striding with the legs spread wide) and “siphon” (perhaps because a siphon straddles—so to speak—two containers and permits the passage of liquid from one to the other). The first known use of diabētēs as a designation for a disease is found in the works of Aretaeus of Cappadocia, who probably lived in the first century AD. Aretaeus's works became standard medical texts of the ancient and medieval world. One chapter of his work On the Causes and Signs of Chronic Diseases is devoted to a condition he calls diabētēs . Aretaeus, however, was not the first physician to give the condition this name, for he offers his own thoughts on the etymology of the term: “The disease seems to me to have acquired the name diabētēs, as if from the Greek word for siphon ( diabētēs ), because the fluid does not remain in the body.” Some modern scholars, on the other hand, have suggested that as a medical term, diabētēs originally made reference to the straddling stance taken during urination by those with the disease—the intended meaning may have been “one standing with the legs planted firmly apart.” Whatever its origin, diabētēs became the standard name for the disease in Greek and medieval medical Latin. Diabetes is first attested in English around 1425 in the spelling diabete, found in a Middle English translation of a Latin medical text by the French physician Guy de Chauliac (ca. 1300-1368): Auicen forsoþ in diabete graunteþ water of whey of shepis mylke. “In the case of diabetes, Avicenna forsooth gives water of the whey of sheep's milk.”
- A group of metabolic diseases whereby a person (other animal) has high blood sugar due to an inability to produce, or inability to metabolize, sufficient quantities of the hormone insulin.
- Diabetes insipidus, a condition characterized by excessive thirst and excretion of large amounts of severely diluted urine.
From the Ancient Greek διαβαίνω (diabainō, “to pass through”), via the participle διαβήτης (diabētēs, “passing through”). This refers to the excessive amounts of urine produced by sufferers.
diabetes - Medical Definition
- Any of a group of diseases characterized by high blood sugar levels caused by insufficient production of insulin, impaired response to insulin, or both, especially:
- Type 1 diabetes.
- Type 2 diabetes.
- Gestational diabetes. In all subsenses also called diabetes mellitus
- Combined with opium it is an efficient remedy in diabetes insipidus.
- By the revelations of this instrument not only have the diseases of the eye been illuminated, but much light has been thrown also upon the part of the eye in more general maladies; as, for instance, in syphilis, in diabetes, in kidney diseases, and in diseases of the brain - F.
- The first scientific attempt to employ portions of raw organs in the treatment of disease was made by Lauder Brunton in diabetes in 1873, sixteen years before Brown-Sequard's paper on the effect of testicular juice.
- In the animal kingdom, also, it is very widely distributed, being sometimes a normal and sometimes a pathological constituent of the fluids and tissues; in particular, it is present in large amount in the urine of those suffering from diabetes, and may be present in nearly all the body fluids.
- In diabetes mellitus, in which there is marked derangement in metabolism, extreme fatty changes are occasionally found in the organs, and the blood may be loaded with fat globules.