verbbreathed, breath·ing, breathes
a. To inhale and exhale air using the lungs: Use a snorkel to breathe while swimming.
b. To inhale air or another gas: Breathe in slowly.
c. To exhale air or another gas: I breathed on the window and fogged it up.
d. To exchange gases as part of respiration or photosynthesis: Fish breathe with their gills. Stomata allow leaves to breathe.
e. To use air in combustion: leave space so the fire can breathe; replace the air filter so the engine can breathe.
- To be alive; live: A nicer person has never breathed.
- To pause to rest or regain breath: Give me a moment to breathe.
- To move or blow gently: A soft wind breathes through the pines.
- To allow air to pass through: a natural fabric that breathes.
- To be exhaled or emanated, as a fragrance.
- To be manifested or suggested, as an idea or feeling: A sense of hope breathes from these poems.
- To reach fullness of flavor and aroma through exposure to air. Used chiefly of wine.
a. To inhale and exhale (air or a gas such as oxygen) during respiration.
b. To inhale (an aroma, for example): breathe the lush scent of lilacs.
c. To exhale or blow out: The dragon breathed fire on the village.
d. To take in or exchange (air or gases): Plants breathe carbon dioxide.
- To impart or instill: an artist who knows how to breathe life into a portrait.
- To utter, especially quietly: Don't breathe a word of this.
- To make apparent or manifest; suggest: Their manner breathed self-satisfaction.
- To allow (a person or animal) to rest or regain breath.
- Linguistics To utter with a voiceless exhalation of air.
- To draw in (air) for combustion.
Origin of breathe
Middle English brethen from breth breath
; see breath
. Our Living Language
The euphemistic expression breathe one's last
illustrates the phenomenon of taboo avoidance.
Concepts that few people like to talk about, such as death, are often expressed by circumlocutions or other substitutions for the word that directly expresses the concept (in this case, the verb to die
). It is interesting to compare how two different styles of language, formal and slang, avoid saying “die.” More formal or elevated speech is full of euphemistic expressions such as breathe one's last, pass away, depart, expire, go to one's eternal reward, go the way of all flesh,
and go to a better place.
Many of these expressions try to cast death in a positive light, often with religious overtones. Die
is absent in slang for the same taboo-avoidance reasons; in addition, slang usually involves coming up with novel expressions for old concepts. The result is a raft of irreverent expressions that are much more direct than the elevated ones—but not so direct as to actually say “die.” These expressions often concentrate on a particular physical aspect of dying, lending them an unusually vivid quality: croak, bite the dust, go belly up, kick the bucket, cash in one's chips.
(third-person singular simple present breathes, present participle breathing, simple past and past participle breathed)
- (intransitive) To draw air into (inhale), and expel air from (exhale), the lungs in order to extract oxygen and excrete waste gases.
- (intransitive) To take in needed gases and expel waste gases in a similar way
- Fish have gills so they can breathe underwater.
- To use (a gas) to sustain life.
- While life as we know it depends on oxygen, scientists have speculated that alien life forms might breathe chlorine or methane.
- (intransitive) Figuratively, to live.
- I will not allow it, as long as I still breathe.
- To draw something into the lungs
- Try not to breathe too much smoke.
- (intransitive) To expel air from the lungs, exhale
- If you breathe on a mirror, it will fog up.
- To pass like breath; noiselessly or gently; to emanate; to blow gently.
- ...the wind breathes through the trees...
- To give an impression of, to exude
- The decor positively breathes classical elegance
- To whisper quietly.
- He breathed the words into her ear, but she understood them all.
- (intransitive) To exchange gases with the environment.
- Garments made of certain new materials breathe well and keep the skin relatively dry during exercise.
- (intransitive, now rare) To rest; to stop and catch one's breath.
- To stop to give (a horse) an opportunity to catch its breath
- At higher altitudes you need to breathe your horse more often.
From Middle English brethen (“to breathe, blow, exhale, odour”), from breth (“breath”). More at breath.