aspect ratioaspect ratio
- The width-to-height ratio of an image or of the area used to display an image. Most widescreen televisions have an aspect ratio of 16:9.
- The span-to-mean-chord ratio of an airfoil.
(plural aspect ratios)
- The ratio of an object's longest dimension to its next-longest dimension.
- The ratio of width to height in a flat surface or 2-dimensional abstract construction, such as an image, character, or pixel. 4:3 (1.33:1) is the standard ratio for NTSC video. 1.85:1 and 2.35:1 are the most common aspect ratios for motion pictures.
aspect ratio - Computer Definition
The ratio of width to height of an object. Stating the relationship of one side to the other, it is widely used to describe the shape of a TV or computer screen. For example, the aspect ratio of a standard-definition (SD) screen is 4:3, which is a relatively square rectangle. The 4:3 means "4 to 3," or four units wide to three units high. High-definition TV (HDTV) has a 16:9 ratio, which is a wide rectangle that is still not as wide as most movie theater (cinema) screens. Another way of expressing the 4:3 and 16:9 ratios is 1.33:1 and 1.78:1, but these latter designations are used mostly for cinema formats, rather than TV (see below). Standard or Wide Screen? The common measurement of a computer monitor or TV is the screen's diagonal measurement in inches. However, a 20" screen does not disclose whether its layout is the older 4:3 (square) or 16:9 (wide). See letterbox, screen resolution, HDTV display modes and anamorphic DVD.