# Arithmetic meaning

The definition of arithmetic refers to working with numbers by doing addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

An example of arithmetic is adding two and two together to make four.

noun

Changing according to an arithmetic progression.

The increase in the food supply is arithmetic.

adjective

The mathematics of integers, rational numbers, real numbers, or complex numbers under addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

noun

Of or relating to arithmetic.

adjective

Knowledge of or skill in this science.

Her *arithmetic* is poor.

noun

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(arithmetic) Of a progression, mean, etc, computed solely using addition.

Arithmetic progression.

adjective

Of, based on, or using arithmetic.

adjective

The mathematics of integers, rational numbers, real numbers, or complex numbers under the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

The mathematics of numbers (integers, rational numbers, real numbers, or complex numbers) under the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

noun

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The science or art of computing by positive real numbers, specif. by adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing.

noun

### Origin of arithmetic

- Middle English
*arsmetike**from*Old French*arismetique**from*Medieval Latin*arismetica**alteration of*Latin*arithmētica**from*Greek*arithmētikē (tekhnē)**(art) of counting**feminine of**arithmētikos**from**arithmein**to count**from**arithmos**number*ar- in Indo-European roots##### From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

- From Middle English
*arsmetike*, from Old French*arismetique*, from Latin*arithmetica*, from Ancient Greek*ἀριθμητική*(arithmētikē, “counting”) (*τέχνη*(tekhnē, “art”)), from*ἀριθμός*(arithmos, “number”). Used in English since 13th Century.##### From Wiktionary