Against meaning

ə-gĕnst'
In preparation for; in anticipation of.

Food stored against winter.

preposition
6
1
In competition with.

Raced against the record holder.

preposition
2
1
In contrast or comparison with the setting or background of.

Dark colors against a fair skin.

preposition
1
1
As a defense or safeguard from.

Protection against the cold.

preposition
1
1
To the account or debt of.

Drew a check against my bank balance.

preposition
1
1
Advertisement
Directly opposite to; facing.
preposition
1
1
Toward so as to press on or strike.

Push against the door; throw the ball against the wall.

preposition
0
0
In contact with.

A ladder leaned against the barn.

preposition
0
0
Opposite to the course or direction of.

Driving against the traffic.

preposition
0
0
In preparation for; for the possibility of.

We provided against a poor crop.

preposition
0
0
Advertisement
As a debit or charge on.

A bill entered against our account.

preposition
0
0
Next to; adjoining.

The house against the church.

preposition
0
0
By the time that; before.
conjunction
0
0
(physical) A close but separated relationship.
  • If you swim against the current, you must work harder.
  • Close to.
    The kennel was put against the back wall.
  • In front of; before a background.
    The giant was silhouetted against the door.
  • In physical contact with.
    The puppy rested its head against a paw.
  • In physical opposition to, or in collision with.
    The rain pounds against the window.
preposition
0
0
(social) A contrasting or competitive relationship.
  • In contrast and/or comparison with.
    He stands out against his local classmates.
  • The Tigers will play against the Bears this weekend.
  • In opposition to.
    Are you against freedom of choice?; I'd bet against his succeeding.
preposition
0
0
Advertisement
In exchange for.
preposition
0
0
preposition
0
0
As a charge on.
preposition
0
0
As protection from.

He turned the umbrella against the wind.

preposition
0
0
In anticipation of; in preparation for (a particular time, event etc.).
preposition
0
0
Advertisement
1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones, Folio Society 1973, p. 6.

He now gave Mrs Deborah positive orders to take the child to her own bed, and to call up a maid-servant to provide it pap, and other things, against it waked.

conjunction
0
0
In opposition to something.

Are you for the new ring road? No, I'm against.

adverb
0
0
(gambling) Having a specified likelihood of not winning or happening.

The second favourite won the race at odds of two to one against.

adverb
0
0
Against means something that is going the other way.

Walking north into the wind that is blowing south is an example of walking against the wind.

preposition
0
1
The definition of against is someone or something with which you disagree.

To vote “No” on a proposal is an example of voting against the proposal.

preposition
0
1
Advertisement
In a direction or course opposite to.

Row against the current.

preposition
0
1
So as to come into forcible contact with.

Waves dashing against the shore.

preposition
0
1
In contact with so as to rest or press on.

Leaned against the tree.

preposition
0
1
In hostile opposition or resistance to.

Struggle against fate.

preposition
0
1
Contrary to; opposed to.

Against my better judgment.

preposition
0
1
Advertisement
over against
  • Opposite to.
  • As compared with.
idiom
0
0

Idioms and Phrasal Verbs

Origin of against

  • Middle English alteration of againes from Old English ongeagn
    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
  • Formed from Middle English agenes, againes (“in opposition to”), a southern variant of agen, or directly from again, either way with adverbial genitive singular ending -es; the parasitic -t was added circa 1350, probably by confusion with the superlative ending -est. Surface analysis again +‎ -st (“(excrescence)”).
    From Wiktionary