Food stored against winter.
Raced against the record holder.
Dark colors against a fair skin.
Protection against the cold.
Drew a check against my bank balance.
Push against the door; throw the ball against the wall.
A ladder leaned against the barn.
Driving against the traffic.
We provided against a poor crop.
A bill entered against our account.
The house against the church.
He now gave Mrs Deborah positive orders to take the child to her own bed, and to call up a maid-servant to provide it pap, and other things, against it waked.
The second favourite won the race at odds of two to one against.
Walking north into the wind that is blowing south is an example of walking against the wind.
To vote “No” on a proposal is an example of voting against the proposal.
Row against the current.
Waves dashing against the shore.
Leaned against the tree.
Struggle against fate.
Against my better judgment.
- Opposite to.
- As compared with.
Idioms and Phrasal Verbs
Origin of against
- Middle English alteration of againes from Old English ongeagn
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
- Formed from Middle English agenes, againes (“in opposition to”), a southern variant of agen, or directly from again, either way with adverbial genitive singular ending -es; the parasitic -t was added circa 1350, probably by confusion with the superlative ending -est. Surface analysis again + -st (“(excrescence)”).