Aberration definition

ăbə-rāshən
Frequency:
A departure from what is right, true, correct, etc.
noun
26
5
Mental disorder or lapse.
noun
13
5
A deviation from what is typical or normal.

An election that was an aberration from usual state politics.

noun
10
3
A deviation from the normal or the typical.
noun
10
4
The apparent displacement of the position of a celestial body in the direction of motion of an observer on Earth, caused by the motion of Earth and the finite velocity of light.
noun
10
5
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(astron.) A small, periodic apparent change in the observed position of a celestial object, caused by the constantly changing position of the earth and the finite speed of the object's light.
noun
4
1
An abnormal, usually temporary alteration in one's mental state.
noun
2
0
A deviation in the normal structure or number of chromosomes in an organism.
2
0
A defect in a lens or mirror that prevents light rays from being focused at a single point and results in a distorted or blurred image. &diamf3; Aberration that results in distortion of color is called chromatic aberration. &diamf3; Aberration that is caused by imperfections in the surface or shape of a spherical mirror or lens is called spherical aberration.
2
1
A deviation from what is considered proper or normal.
noun
1
1
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A departure from what is typical.

An election that was an aberration from usual state politics.

noun
1
1
The definition of an aberration is something that is abnormal or unexpected such as a strange action or mental state.

An example of a mental aberration is schizophrenia.

noun
0
0
(genetics) A deviation in the normal structure or number of chromosomes in an organism.
noun
0
0
A defect of focus, such as blurring in an image.
noun
0
0
An imperfect image caused by a physical defect in an optical element, as in a lens.
noun
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0
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The failure of light rays from one point to converge at a single focus.
noun
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0
A fault in a lens or mirror causing such failure.
noun
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0
(genetics) A deviation in the normal structure or number of chromosomes in an organism.
noun
0
0
A defect of focus, such as blurring in an image.
noun
0
0
An imperfect image caused by a physical defect in an optical element, as in a lens.
noun
0
0
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The act of wandering; deviation from truth, moral rectitude; abnormal; divergence from the straight, correct, proper, normal, or from the natural state. [Late 16th century.]

The aberration of youth, aberrations from theory.

noun
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(optics) The convergence to different foci, by a lens or mirror, of rays of light emanating from one and the same point, or the deviation of such rays from a single focus; a defect in a focusing mechanism that prevents the intended focal point. [Mid 18th century.]
noun
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0
(astronomy) A small periodical change of position in the stars and other heavenly bodies, due to the combined effect of the motion of light and the motion of the observer. [Mid 18th century.]
noun
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0
A partial alienation of reason. [Early 19th century.]
noun
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0
A mental disorder, especially one of a minor or temporary character. [Early 19th century.]
noun
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0
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(zoology, botany) Atypical development or structure; deviation from the normal type; an aberrant organ. [Mid 19th century.]
noun
0
0
(medicine) A deviation of a tissue, organ or mental functions from what is considered to be within the normal range.
noun
0
0
(psychology) A disorder or abnormal alteration in one's mental state.
noun
1
2

Other Word Forms

Noun

Singular:
aberration
Plural:
aberrations

Origin of aberration

  • Latin aberrātiō aberrātiōn- diversion from aberrātus past participle of aberrāre to go astray ab- away from ab–1 errāre to stray ers- in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • First attested in 1594, from Latin aberrātiō (“relief, diversion”) , from aberrō (“wander away, go astray”), from ab (“away”) + errō (“wander”). Compare French aberration. See also aberrate.

    From Wiktionary