In litigation, the questioning
of a witness under oath, either at trial or in a deposition;
the Patent and Trademark Office investigation into the validity of a
The questioning of a witness by a lawyer or other party
other than the one who called that person, with respect to matters about which
the witness has testified during direct examination.
A witness’s initial questioning by the lawyer who called
that person, in order to introduce matters of fact in a case. Leading questions
should be avoided by the attorney conducting direct examination.
Questioning of a witness by the party who called that
witness, following cross examination, to attempt to clarify or rebut any
damaging testimony that might have come out during cross examination. Normally,
redirect, as it is also known, is
limited to the scope of the subject matter examined in cross examination,
although the judge may make an exception.