Ronin Definition

In feudal Japan, a samurai who lost his lord and was forced to wander, often living as a bandit.
Webster's New World
(colloquial, Japan) A student who has failed the entrance examination for the high school or university of their choice and spends the next year studying to retake the exam.

Origin of Ronin

  • Japanese rōnin from Early Middle Chinese laŋ` ɲin vagabond (also the source of Mandarin l`ngrén) laŋ` a wave, reckless, dissolute ɲin person

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • Japanese 浪人 (ろうにんrōnin), from Middle Chinese 浪 (lang "wave", by extension "adrift") + 人 (nyin "person").

    From Wiktionary

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