- The definition of a year is a period of time equal to 365 days, 12 months or 52 weeks, or a year is 12 lunar months in the Jewish calendar.
- An example of a year is January 1, 2012 through December 31, 2012.
- An example of a year in the Jewish calendar is the current year, 5772.
This calendar shows all the months in the year of 2012.
- a period of 365 days (in a leap year, 366 days) divided into 12 months and regarded in the Gregorian calendar as beginning Jan. 1 and ending the following Dec. 31
- a period of more or less the same length in other calendars
- the period (365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 46 seconds of mean solar time) spent by the sun in making its apparent passage from vernal equinox to vernal equinox: the year of the seasons
- the period (365 days, 6 hours, 9 minutes, and 9.54 seconds of mean solar time) spent by the sun in its apparent passage from a fixed star and back to the same position again: it is the true period of the earth's revolution, and the difference in time between this and the tropical year is due to the precession of the equinoxesalso sidereal year
- a period of 12 lunar months, as in the Jewish calendaralso lunar year
- the period of time occupied by any planet in making one complete revolution from perihelion to perihelion: for the earth this period is 365 days, 6 hours, 13 minutes, and 53 seconds: it is slightly longer than the sidereal year due to the extra time needed to reach an advancing perihelion, the lag being caused by the gravitational pull of the other planetsalso anomalistic year
- a period of 12 calendar months reckoned from any date: a year from today
- a calendar year of a specified number in a particular era: the year 500
- a particular annual period of less than 365 days: a school year
- age: old for his years
- time; esp., a long time: he died years ago
Origin of yearMiddle English yere ; from Old English gear, akin to German jahr ; from Indo-European an unverified form yēro-, year, summer (from source Classical Greek hōros, time, year, Old Church Slavonic jara, spring) ; from base an unverified form ei-, to go (from source Classical Latin ire, to go): basic sense “that which passes”
year after year
year by year
year in, year out
- a. The period of time during which Earth completes a single revolution around the sun, consisting of 365 days, 5 hours, 49 minutes, and 12 seconds of mean solar time. In the Gregorian calendar the year begins on January 1 and ends on December 31 and is divided into 12 months, 52 weeks, and 365 or 366 days. Also called calendar year.b. A period approximately equal to a year in other calendars.c. A period of approximately the duration of a calendar year: We were married a year ago.
- A sidereal year.
- A solar year.
- A period equal to the calendar year but beginning on a different date: a tax-reckoning year; a farming year.
- A specific period of time, usually shorter than 12 months, devoted to a special activity: the academic year.
- years Age, especially old age: I'm feeling my years.
- years An indefinitely long period of time: it's been years since we saw her.
Origin of yearMiddle English yere, from Old English gēar; see yēr- in Indo-European roots.
- The time it takes the Earth to complete one revolution of the Sun (between 365.24 and 365.26 days depending on the point of reference).
- we moved to this town a year ago; I quit smoking exactly one year ago
- (by extension) The time it takes for any planetary body to make one revolution around another body.
- Mars goes around the sun once in a Martian year, or 1.88 Earth years.
- A period between set dates that mark a year, from January 1 to December 31 by the Gregorian calendar.
- A normal year has 365 full days, but there are 366 days in a leap year.
- I was born in the year 1950.
- This Chinese year is the year of the Rooster.
- A scheduled part of a calendar year spent in a specific activity.
- During this school year I have to get up at 6:30 to catch the bus.
- (sciences) A Julian year, exactly 365.25 days, represented by "a".
- A level or grade in school or college.
- Every second-year student must select an area of specialization.
- The exams in year 12 at high school are the most difficult.
- The proportion of a creature's lifespan equivalent to one year of an average human lifespan (see also dog year).
- Geneticists have created baker's yeast that can live to 800 in yeast years.
From Middle English yeer, yere, from Old English ġēr, ġēar (“year”), from Proto-Germanic *jērą (“year”), from Proto-Indo-European *yōro-, *yeh₁ro- (“year, spring”), *yeh₁r-. Cognate with Saterland Frisian Jier (“year”), West Frisian jier (“year”), Dutch jaar (“year”), German Jahr (“year”), Swedish år (“year”), Icelandic ári (“year”), Serbo-Croatian jār (“spring”), Ancient Greek ὥρα (hōra, “year, season”), Avestan (yārə, “year”) and perhaps Albanian herë (“time”).