The Jewish parishes, called synagogues, are grouped into departmental consistories (Paris, Bordeaux, Nancy, Marseilles, Bayonne, Lille, Vesoul, Besancon and three in Algeria).
It is probable, however, both from the letter itself and from the fact that Colossae was a trade centre, that Jews were there with their synagogues (cf.
Images of Caligula were set up in the synagogues, an edict deprived the Jews of their rights as citizens, and finally the governor authorized the mob to sack the Jewish quarter, as if it had been a conquered city (38).
The scribes through the synagogues preserved the national spirit and directed it towards the religious life which was prescribed by Scripture.
(364-375) forbade the quartering of soldiers in the synagogues, Theodosius I.
How would you define synagogues? Add your definition here.