- Summer is the warm season of the year.
An example of summer in the United States are the months of June, July and August.
- To summer is to spend your summer months (June-August) at a particular vacation destination.
An example of summer is when you spend each summer vacation in the Hamptons.
- the warmest season of the year: in the North Temperate Zone, generally regarded as including the months of June, July, and August: in the astronomical year, that period between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox
- a year as reckoned by this season: a youth of sixteen summers
- any period of growth, development, fulfillment, perfection, etc.
Origin of summerMiddle English sumer ; from Old English sumor, akin to German sommer ; from Indo-European base an unverified form sem-, summertime from source Sanskrit sámā, half year, season
- of or typical of summer
- designed for or taking place during summer: summer activities
- a large, horizontal, supporting beam or girder
- the capstone of a column supporting an arch or lintel
Origin of summerMiddle English ; from Old French somier, pack horse ; from Late Latin sagmarius, pack horse ; from sagma, pack saddle ; from Classical Greek ; from base of sattein, to stuff
- a. In the Northern Hemisphere, the usually warmest season of the year, occurring between spring and autumn and constituting June, July, and August. In the Southern Hemisphere, it constitutes December, January, and February.b. The season extending from the summer solstice to the autumnal equinox.
- A period of fruition, fulfillment, happiness, or beauty.
- A year: a girl of 13 summers.
verbsum·mered, sum·mer·ing, sum·mers
- Relating to or occurring in summer: summer heat; summer attire.
- Grown during the season of summer: summer crops.
Origin of summerMiddle English sumer, from Old English sumor; see sem-2 in Indo-European roots.
- A heavy horizontal timber that serves as a supporting beam, especially for the floor above.
- A lintel.
- A large, heavy stone usually set on the top of a column or pilaster to support an arch or lintel.
Origin of summerMiddle English, beam, pack animal, from Anglo-Norman sumer, from Vulgar Latin *saumārius, from Late Latin sagmārius, pertaining to a packsaddle, packhorse, from sagma, packsaddle; see sumpter.
- One of four seasons, traditionally the second, marked by the longest and typically hottest days of the year due to the inclination of the Earth and thermal lag. Typically regarded as being from June 21 to September 22 or 23 in parts of the USA, the months of June, July and August in the United Kingdom and the months of December, January and February in the Southern Hemisphere.
- the heat of summer
(third-person singular simple present summers, present participle summering, simple past and past participle summered)
- (intransitive) To spend the summer, as in a particular place on holiday.
- We like to summer in the Mediterranean.
From Middle English somer, sumer, from Old English sumor (“summer”), from Proto-Germanic *sumaraz (“summer”), from Proto-Indo-European *sam-, *sem-, *sm̥-h₂-ó- (“summer, year”). Cognate with Scots somer, sumer, simer (“summer”), West Frisian simmer (“summer”), Saterland Frisian Suumer (“summer”), Dutch zomer (“summer”), Low German Sommer (“summer”), German Sommer (“summer”), Swedish sommar (“summer”), Icelandic sumar (“summer”), Welsh haf (“summer”), Armenian ամ (am, “year”), ամառ (amaṙ, “summer”), Sanskrit [script?] (sámā, “a half-year, season, weather, year”).
- A person who sums.
- A female given name of modern usage, for a girl born in summer.